## Abstract

**We evaluate Kroger prediction models with Transductive Learning (ML) and Sign Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the KR stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Strong Sell KR stock.**

**KR, Kroger, stock forecast, machine learning based prediction, risk rating, buy-sell behaviour, stock analysis, target price analysis, options and futures.**

*Keywords:*## Key Points

- Can neural networks predict stock market?
- How do you decide buy or sell a stock?
- Operational Risk

## KR Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Kroger Stock Decision Process with Sign Test where A is the set of discrete actions of KR stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and Î³ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Sign Test)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Transductive Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+16 weeks) $R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}1& 0& 0\\ 0& 1& 0\\ 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of KR stock

j:Nash equilibria

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## KR Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+16 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**KR Kroger

**Time series to forecast n: 05 Sep 2022**for (n+16 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Strong Sell KR stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Conclusions

Kroger assigned short-term B1 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Transductive Learning (ML) with Sign Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the KR stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Strong Sell KR stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for KR Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | B1 | B2 |

Operational Risk | 59 | 31 |

Market Risk | 81 | 82 |

Technical Analysis | 55 | 40 |

Fundamental Analysis | 82 | 50 |

Risk Unsystematic | 30 | 40 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Brailsford, T.J. R.W. Faff (1996), "An evaluation of volatility forecasting techniques," Journal of Banking Finance, 20, 419–438.
- Imbens G, Wooldridge J. 2009. Recent developments in the econometrics of program evaluation. J. Econ. Lit. 47:5–86
- Chernozhukov V, Escanciano JC, Ichimura H, Newey WK. 2016b. Locally robust semiparametric estimation. arXiv:1608.00033 [math.ST]
- Wan M, Wang D, Goldman M, Taddy M, Rao J, et al. 2017. Modeling consumer preferences and price sensitiv- ities from large-scale grocery shopping transaction logs. In Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on the World Wide Web, pp. 1103–12. New York: ACM
- Efron B, Hastie T, Johnstone I, Tibshirani R. 2004. Least angle regression. Ann. Stat. 32:407–99
- Athey S, Mobius MM, PÃ¡l J. 2017c. The impact of aggregators on internet news consumption. Unpublished manuscript, Grad. School Bus., Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA
- N. B ̈auerle and J. Ott. Markov decision processes with average-value-at-risk criteria. Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, 74(3):361–379, 2011

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for KR stock?A: KR stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Transductive Learning (ML) and Sign Test

Q: Is KR stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Strong Sell KR Stock.

Q: Is Kroger stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Kroger is Strong Sell and assigned short-term B1 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of KR stock?

A: The consensus rating for KR is Strong Sell.

Q: What is the prediction period for KR stock?

A: The prediction period for KR is (n+16 weeks)