Neural networks (NNs), as artificial intelligence (AI) methods, have become very important in making stock market predictions. Much research on the applications of NNs for solving business problems have proven their advantages over statistical and other methods that do not include AI, although there is no optimal methodology for a certain problem. ** We evaluate Thales prediction models with Inductive Learning (ML) and Linear Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the HO.PA stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold HO.PA stock.**

**HO.PA, Thales, stock forecast, machine learning based prediction, risk rating, buy-sell behaviour, stock analysis, target price analysis, options and futures.**

*Keywords:*## Key Points

- Reaction Function
- What are buy sell or hold recommendations?
- What is a prediction confidence?

## HO.PA Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

Application of machine learning for stock prediction is attracting a lot of attention in recent years. A large amount of research has been conducted in this area and multiple existing results have shown that machine learning methods could be successfully used toward stock predicting using stocks' historical data. Most of these existing approaches have focused on short term prediction using stocks' historical price and technical indicators. We consider Thales Stock Decision Process with Linear Regression where A is the set of discrete actions of HO.PA stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Linear Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Inductive Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+3 month) $\sum _{i=1}^{n}\left({a}_{i}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of HO.PA stock

j:Nash equilibria

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## HO.PA Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+3 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**HO.PA Thales

**Time series to forecast n: 07 Oct 2022**for (n+3 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold HO.PA stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Conclusions

Thales assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Inductive Learning (ML) with Linear Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the HO.PA stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold HO.PA stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for HO.PA Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | B1 |

Operational Risk | 63 | 69 |

Market Risk | 57 | 45 |

Technical Analysis | 82 | 65 |

Fundamental Analysis | 66 | 39 |

Risk Unsystematic | 82 | 59 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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- Breiman L. 2001b. Statistical modeling: the two cultures (with comments and a rejoinder by the author). Stat. Sci. 16:199–231
- M. Petrik and D. Subramanian. An approximate solution method for large risk-averse Markov decision processes. In Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, 2012.
- Andrews, D. W. K. W. Ploberger (1994), "Optimal tests when a nuisance parameter is present only under the alternative," Econometrica, 62, 1383–1414.
- uyer, S. Whiteson, B. Bakker, and N. A. Vlassis. Multiagent reinforcement learning for urban traffic control using coordination graphs. In Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, European Conference, ECML/PKDD 2008, Antwerp, Belgium, September 15-19, 2008, Proceedings, Part I, pages 656–671, 2008.
- Jacobs B, Donkers B, Fok D. 2014. Product Recommendations Based on Latent Purchase Motivations. Rotterdam, Neth.: ERIM
- J. Filar, L. Kallenberg, and H. Lee. Variance-penalized Markov decision processes. Mathematics of Opera- tions Research, 14(1):147–161, 1989

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for HO.PA stock?A: HO.PA stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Inductive Learning (ML) and Linear Regression

Q: Is HO.PA stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold HO.PA Stock.

Q: Is Thales stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Thales is Hold and assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of HO.PA stock?

A: The consensus rating for HO.PA is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for HO.PA stock?

A: The prediction period for HO.PA is (n+3 month)

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