Different machine learning algorithms are discussed in this literature review. These algorithms can be used for predicting the stock market. The prediction of the stock market is one of the challenging tasks that must have to be handled. In this paper, it is discussed how the machine learning algorithms can be used for predicting the stock value. We evaluate SCOTGEMS PLC prediction models with Transfer Learning (ML) and Chi-Square1,2,3,4 and conclude that the LON:SGEM stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:SGEM stock.

Keywords: LON:SGEM, SCOTGEMS PLC, stock forecast, machine learning based prediction, risk rating, buy-sell behaviour, stock analysis, target price analysis, options and futures.

## Key Points

1. What statistical methods are used to analyze data?
2. How useful are statistical predictions? ## LON:SGEM Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

Impact of many factors on the stock prices makes the stock prediction a difficult and highly complicated task. In this paper, machine learning techniques have been applied for the stock price prediction in order to overcome such difficulties. In the implemented work, five models have been developed and their performances are compared in predicting the stock market trends. We consider SCOTGEMS PLC Stock Decision Process with Chi-Square where A is the set of discrete actions of LON:SGEM stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.1,2,3,4

F(Chi-Square)5,6,7= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{a1}& {p}_{a2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Transfer Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+16 weeks) $R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}1& 0& 0\\ 0& 1& 0\\ 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LON:SGEM stock

j:Nash equilibria

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LON:SGEM Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+16 weeks)

Sample Set: Neural Network
Stock/Index: LON:SGEM SCOTGEMS PLC
Time series to forecast n: 21 Oct 2022 for (n+16 weeks)

According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:SGEM stock.

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%

## Conclusions

SCOTGEMS PLC assigned short-term B2 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating. We evaluate the prediction models Transfer Learning (ML) with Chi-Square1,2,3,4 and conclude that the LON:SGEM stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for (n+16 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:SGEM stock.

### Financial State Forecast for LON:SGEM Stock Options & Futures

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Outlook*B2B2
Operational Risk 5255
Market Risk3643
Technical Analysis8480
Fundamental Analysis4346
Risk Unsystematic7250

### Prediction Confidence Score

Trust metric by Neural Network: 87 out of 100 with 475 signals.

## References

1. N. B ̈auerle and J. Ott. Markov decision processes with average-value-at-risk criteria. Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, 74(3):361–379, 2011
2. J. N. Foerster, Y. M. Assael, N. de Freitas, and S. Whiteson. Learning to communicate with deep multi-agent reinforcement learning. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 29: Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2016, December 5-10, 2016, Barcelona, Spain, pages 2137–2145, 2016.
3. M. J. Hausknecht. Cooperation and Communication in Multiagent Deep Reinforcement Learning. PhD thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, 2016
4. Abadie A, Cattaneo MD. 2018. Econometric methods for program evaluation. Annu. Rev. Econ. 10:465–503
5. Hartford J, Lewis G, Taddy M. 2016. Counterfactual prediction with deep instrumental variables networks. arXiv:1612.09596 [stat.AP]
6. Wan M, Wang D, Goldman M, Taddy M, Rao J, et al. 2017. Modeling consumer preferences and price sensitiv- ities from large-scale grocery shopping transaction logs. In Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on the World Wide Web, pp. 1103–12. New York: ACM
7. Athey S, Tibshirani J, Wager S. 2016b. Generalized random forests. arXiv:1610.01271 [stat.ME]
Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: What is the prediction methodology for LON:SGEM stock?
A: LON:SGEM stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Transfer Learning (ML) and Chi-Square
Q: Is LON:SGEM stock a buy or sell?
A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:SGEM Stock.
Q: Is SCOTGEMS PLC stock a good investment?
A: The consensus rating for SCOTGEMS PLC is Hold and assigned short-term B2 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.
Q: What is the consensus rating of LON:SGEM stock?
A: The consensus rating for LON:SGEM is Hold.
Q: What is the prediction period for LON:SGEM stock?
A: The prediction period for LON:SGEM is (n+16 weeks)