## Summary

As part of this research, different techniques have been studied for data extraction and analysis. After having reviewed the work related to the initial idea of the research, it is shown the development carried out, together with the data extraction and the machine learning algorithms for prediction used. The calculation of technical analysis metrics is also included. The development of a visualization platform has been proposed for high-level interaction between the user and the recommendation system.** We evaluate S&P/TSX Composite Index prediction models with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and Factor ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the S&P/TSX Composite Index stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy S&P/TSX Composite Index stock.**

## Key Points

- What is the use of Markov decision process?
- Trust metric by Neural Network
- Is it better to buy and sell or hold?

## S&P/TSX Composite Index Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider S&P/TSX Composite Index Stock Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of S&P/TSX Composite Index stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Factor)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+3 month) $\sum _{i=1}^{n}\left({s}_{i}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of S&P/TSX Composite Index stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## S&P/TSX Composite Index Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+3 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**S&P/TSX Composite Index S&P/TSX Composite Index

**Time series to forecast n: 22 Nov 2022**for (n+3 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy S&P/TSX Composite Index stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for S&P/TSX Composite Index

- Hedge effectiveness is the extent to which changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedging instrument offset changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedged item (for example, when the hedged item is a risk component, the relevant change in fair value or cash flows of an item is the one that is attributable to the hedged risk). Hedge ineffectiveness is the extent to which the changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedging instrument are greater or less than those on the hedged item.
- Unless paragraph 6.8.8 applies, for a hedge of a non-contractually specified benchmark component of interest rate risk, an entity shall apply the requirement in paragraphs 6.3.7(a) and B6.3.8—that the risk component shall be separately identifiable—only at the inception of the hedging relationship.
- An entity is not required to restate prior periods to reflect the application of these amendments. The entity may restate prior periods only if it is possible to do so without the use of hindsight. If an entity restates prior periods, the restated financial statements must reflect all the requirements in this Standard for the affected financial instruments. If an entity does not restate prior periods, the entity shall recognise any difference between the previous carrying amount and the carrying amount at the beginning of the annual reporting period that includes the date of initial application of these amendments in the opening retained earnings (or other component of equity, as appropriate) of the annual reporting period that includes the date of initial application of these amendments.
- The requirement that an economic relationship exists means that the hedging instrument and the hedged item have values that generally move in the opposite direction because of the same risk, which is the hedged risk. Hence, there must be an expectation that the value of the hedging instrument and the value of the hedged item will systematically change in response to movements in either the same underlying or underlyings that are economically related in such a way that they respond in a similar way to the risk that is being hedged (for example, Brent and WTI crude oil).

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

S&P/TSX Composite Index assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) with Factor ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the S&P/TSX Composite Index stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy S&P/TSX Composite Index stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for S&P/TSX Composite Index S&P/TSX Composite Index Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba3 | B2 |

Operational Risk | 60 | 51 |

Market Risk | 75 | 37 |

Technical Analysis | 75 | 90 |

Fundamental Analysis | 42 | 40 |

Risk Unsystematic | 75 | 30 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Athey S, Blei D, Donnelly R, Ruiz F. 2017b. Counterfactual inference for consumer choice across many prod- uct categories. AEA Pap. Proc. 108:64–67
- Athey S, Imbens GW. 2017a. The econometrics of randomized experiments. In Handbook of Economic Field Experiments, Vol. 1, ed. E Duflo, A Banerjee, pp. 73–140. Amsterdam: Elsevier
- M. Ono, M. Pavone, Y. Kuwata, and J. Balaram. Chance-constrained dynamic programming with application to risk-aware robotic space exploration. Autonomous Robots, 39(4):555–571, 2015
- L. Panait and S. Luke. Cooperative multi-agent learning: The state of the art. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 11(3):387–434, 2005.
- V. Borkar and R. Jain. Risk-constrained Markov decision processes. IEEE Transaction on Automatic Control, 2014
- S. Bhatnagar, R. Sutton, M. Ghavamzadeh, and M. Lee. Natural actor-critic algorithms. Automatica, 45(11): 2471–2482, 2009
- Sutton RS, Barto AG. 1998. Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for S&P/TSX Composite Index stock?A: S&P/TSX Composite Index stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and Factor

Q: Is S&P/TSX Composite Index stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy S&P/TSX Composite Index Stock.

Q: Is S&P/TSX Composite Index stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for S&P/TSX Composite Index is Buy and assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of S&P/TSX Composite Index stock?

A: The consensus rating for S&P/TSX Composite Index is Buy.

Q: What is the prediction period for S&P/TSX Composite Index stock?

A: The prediction period for S&P/TSX Composite Index is (n+3 month)

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