## Summary

Prediction of stock prices has been an important area of research for a long time. While supporters of the efficient market hypothesis believe that it is impossible to predict stock prices accurately, there are formal propositions demonstrating that accurate modeling and designing of appropriate variables may lead to models using which stock prices and stock price movement patterns can be very accurately predicted.** We evaluate Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) prediction models with Deductive Inference (ML) and Logistic Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LND stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell LND stock.**

## Key Points

- Game Theory
- How do predictive algorithms actually work?
- How do predictive algorithms actually work?

## LND Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) Stock Decision Process with Deductive Inference (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of LND stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Logistic Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Deductive Inference (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+8 weeks) $\overrightarrow{R}=\left({r}_{1},{r}_{2},{r}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LND stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LND Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+8 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**LND Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil)

**Time series to forecast n: 27 Nov 2022**for (n+8 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell LND stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil)

- An entity shall apply the impairment requirements in Section 5.5 retrospectively in accordance with IAS 8 subject to paragraphs 7.2.15 and 7.2.18–7.2.20.
- For the purpose of this Standard, reasonable and supportable information is that which is reasonably available at the reporting date without undue cost or effort, including information about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions. Information that is available for financial reporting purposes is considered to be available without undue cost or effort.
- IFRS 16, issued in January 2016, amended paragraphs 2.1, 5.5.15, B4.3.8, B5.5.34 and B5.5.46. An entity shall apply those amendments when it applies IFRS 16.
- When an entity designates a financial liability as at fair value through profit or loss, it must determine whether presenting in other comprehensive income the effects of changes in the liability's credit risk would create or enlarge an accounting mismatch in profit or loss. An accounting mismatch would be created or enlarged if presenting the effects of changes in the liability's credit risk in other comprehensive income would result in a greater mismatch in profit or loss than if those amounts were presented in profit or loss

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term Ba1 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Deductive Inference (ML) with Logistic Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LND stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell LND stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for LND Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba3 | Ba1 |

Operational Risk | 84 | 76 |

Market Risk | 62 | 74 |

Technical Analysis | 78 | 67 |

Fundamental Analysis | 45 | 58 |

Risk Unsystematic | 56 | 84 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Abadie A, Diamond A, Hainmueller J. 2010. Synthetic control methods for comparative case studies: estimat- ing the effect of California's tobacco control program. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 105:493–505
- A. Y. Ng, D. Harada, and S. J. Russell. Policy invariance under reward transformations: Theory and application to reward shaping. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 1999), Bled, Slovenia, June 27 - 30, 1999, pages 278–287, 1999.
- Bennett J, Lanning S. 2007. The Netflix prize. In Proceedings of KDD Cup and Workshop 2007, p. 35. New York: ACM
- Imbens GW, Lemieux T. 2008. Regression discontinuity designs: a guide to practice. J. Econom. 142:615–35
- Athey S. 2017. Beyond prediction: using big data for policy problems. Science 355:483–85
- Clements, M. P. D. F. Hendry (1996), "Intercept corrections and structural change," Journal of Applied Econometrics, 11, 475–494.
- Mikolov T, Sutskever I, Chen K, Corrado GS, Dean J. 2013b. Distributed representations of words and phrases and their compositionality. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, Vol. 26, ed. Z Ghahramani, M Welling, C Cortes, ND Lawrence, KQ Weinberger, pp. 3111–19. San Diego, CA: Neural Inf. Process. Syst. Found.

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for LND stock?A: LND stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Deductive Inference (ML) and Logistic Regression

Q: Is LND stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell LND Stock.

Q: Is Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Brasilagro Brazilian Agric Real Estate Co Sponsored ADR (Brazil) is Sell and assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term Ba1 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of LND stock?

A: The consensus rating for LND is Sell.

Q: What is the prediction period for LND stock?

A: The prediction period for LND is (n+8 weeks)