## Summary

In this paper we investigate ways to use prior knowledge and neural networks to improve multivariate prediction ability. Daily stock prices are predicted as a complicated real-world problem, taking non-numerical factors such as political and international events are into account. We have studied types of prior knowledge which are difficult to insert into initial network structures or to represent in the form of error measurements. ** We evaluate ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC prediction models with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and ElasticNet Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:DGN stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:DGN stock.**

## Key Points

- What are buy sell or hold recommendations?
- Can statistics predict the future?
- Why do we need predictive models?

## LON:DGN Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of LON:DGN stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(ElasticNet Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+3 month) $\overrightarrow{S}=\left({s}_{1},{s}_{2},{s}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LON:DGN stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LON:DGN Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+3 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**LON:DGN ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC

**Time series to forecast n: 01 Dec 2022**for (n+3 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:DGN stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC

- For the purpose of applying paragraph 6.5.11, at the point when an entity amends the description of a hedged item as required in paragraph 6.9.1(b), the amount accumulated in the cash flow hedge reserve shall be deemed to be based on the alternative benchmark rate on which the hedged future cash flows are determined.
- In some cases, the qualitative and non-statistical quantitative information available may be sufficient to determine that a financial instrument has met the criterion for the recognition of a loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. That is, the information does not need to flow through a statistical model or credit ratings process in order to determine whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk of the financial instrument. In other cases, an entity may need to consider other information, including information from its statistical models or credit ratings processes.
- Expected credit losses reflect an entity's own expectations of credit losses. However, when considering all reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort in estimating expected credit losses, an entity should also consider observable market information about the credit risk of the particular financial instrument or similar financial instruments.
- For the avoidance of doubt, the effects of replacing the original counterparty with a clearing counterparty and making the associated changes as described in paragraph 6.5.6 shall be reflected in the measurement of the hedging instrument and therefore in the assessment of hedge effectiveness and the measurement of hedge effectiveness

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) with ElasticNet Regression ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:DGN stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:DGN stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for LON:DGN ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba3 | B1 |

Operational Risk | 54 | 39 |

Market Risk | 68 | 63 |

Technical Analysis | 42 | 71 |

Fundamental Analysis | 84 | 64 |

Risk Unsystematic | 88 | 55 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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- Bai J. 2003. Inferential theory for factor models of large dimensions. Econometrica 71:135–71
- Imbens GW, Rubin DB. 2015. Causal Inference in Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press
- Bastani H, Bayati M. 2015. Online decision-making with high-dimensional covariates. Work. Pap., Univ. Penn./ Stanford Grad. School Bus., Philadelphia/Stanford, CA
- R. Sutton and A. Barto. Introduction to reinforcement learning. MIT Press, 1998

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for LON:DGN stock?A: LON:DGN stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and ElasticNet Regression

Q: Is LON:DGN stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:DGN Stock.

Q: Is ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for ASIA DRAGON TRUST PLC is Hold and assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of LON:DGN stock?

A: The consensus rating for LON:DGN is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for LON:DGN stock?

A: The prediction period for LON:DGN is (n+3 month)