## Summary

Different machine learning algorithms are discussed in this literature review. These algorithms can be used for predicting the stock market. The prediction of the stock market is one of the challenging tasks that must have to be handled. In this paper, it is discussed how the machine learning algorithms can be used for predicting the stock value.** We evaluate HEADLAM GROUP PLC prediction models with Supervised Machine Learning (ML) and Beta ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:HEAD stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:HEAD stock.**

## Key Points

- Prediction Modeling
- Trust metric by Neural Network
- Dominated Move

## LON:HEAD Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider HEADLAM GROUP PLC Stock Decision Process with Supervised Machine Learning (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of LON:HEAD stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Beta)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Supervised Machine Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+4 weeks) $\overrightarrow{R}=\left({r}_{1},{r}_{2},{r}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LON:HEAD stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LON:HEAD Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+4 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**LON:HEAD HEADLAM GROUP PLC

**Time series to forecast n: 21 Nov 2022**for (n+4 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:HEAD stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for HEADLAM GROUP PLC

- Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2010–2012 Cycle, issued in December 2013, amended paragraphs 4.2.1 and 5.7.5 as a consequential amendment derived from the amendment to IFRS 3. An entity shall apply that amendment prospectively to business combinations to which the amendment to IFRS 3 applies.
- A single hedging instrument may be designated as a hedging instrument of more than one type of risk, provided that there is a specific designation of the hedging instrument and of the different risk positions as hedged items. Those hedged items can be in different hedging relationships.
- Alternatively, the entity may base the assessment on both types of information, ie qualitative factors that are not captured through the internal ratings process and a specific internal rating category at the reporting date, taking into consideration the credit risk characteristics at initial recognition, if both types of information are relevant.
- If an entity measures a hybrid contract at fair value in accordance with paragraphs 4.1.2A, 4.1.4 or 4.1.5 but the fair value of the hybrid contract had not been measured in comparative reporting periods, the fair value of the hybrid contract in the comparative reporting periods shall be the sum of the fair values of the components (ie the non-derivative host and the embedded derivative) at the end of each comparative reporting period if the entity restates prior periods (see paragraph 7.2.15).

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

HEADLAM GROUP PLC assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Supervised Machine Learning (ML) with Beta ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:HEAD stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:HEAD stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for LON:HEAD HEADLAM GROUP PLC Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba3 | B2 |

Operational Risk | 39 | 81 |

Market Risk | 79 | 33 |

Technical Analysis | 80 | 40 |

Fundamental Analysis | 76 | 54 |

Risk Unsystematic | 49 | 68 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Chen, C. L. Liu (1993), "Joint estimation of model parameters and outlier effects in time series," Journal of the American Statistical Association, 88, 284–297.
- Ruiz FJ, Athey S, Blei DM. 2017. SHOPPER: a probabilistic model of consumer choice with substitutes and complements. arXiv:1711.03560 [stat.ML]
- K. Tumer and D. Wolpert. A survey of collectives. In K. Tumer and D. Wolpert, editors, Collectives and the Design of Complex Systems, pages 1–42. Springer, 2004.
- Holland PW. 1986. Statistics and causal inference. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 81:945–60
- Mazumder R, Hastie T, Tibshirani R. 2010. Spectral regularization algorithms for learning large incomplete matrices. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 11:2287–322
- D. White. Mean, variance, and probabilistic criteria in finite Markov decision processes: A review. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 56(1):1–29, 1988.
- Mikolov T, Chen K, Corrado GS, Dean J. 2013a. Efficient estimation of word representations in vector space. arXiv:1301.3781 [cs.CL]

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for LON:HEAD stock?A: LON:HEAD stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Supervised Machine Learning (ML) and Beta

Q: Is LON:HEAD stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:HEAD Stock.

Q: Is HEADLAM GROUP PLC stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for HEADLAM GROUP PLC is Hold and assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term B2 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of LON:HEAD stock?

A: The consensus rating for LON:HEAD is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for LON:HEAD stock?

A: The prediction period for LON:HEAD is (n+4 weeks)