**Outlook:**Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**Hold

**Time series to forecast n: 21 Dec 2022**for (n+1 year)

**Methodology :**Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis)

## Abstract

With technological advancements, big data can be easily generated and collected in many applications. Embedded in these big data are useful information and knowledge that can be discovered by machine learning and data mining models, techniques or algorithms.(Mehtab, S., Sen, J. and Dutta, A., 2021. Stock price prediction using machine learning and LSTM-based deep learning models. In Symposium on Machine Learning and Metaheuristics Algorithms, and Applications (pp. 88-106). Springer, Singapore.)** We evaluate Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares prediction models with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and Statistical Hypothesis Testing ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the KIQ stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+1 year) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

## Key Points

- How do predictive algorithms actually work?
- Is Target price a good indicator?
- Trading Interaction

## KIQ Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of KIQ stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Statistical Hypothesis Testing)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+1 year) $R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}1& 0& 0\\ 0& 1& 0\\ 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of KIQ stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## KIQ Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+1 year)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**KIQ Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares

**Time series to forecast n: 21 Dec 2022**for (n+1 year)

**According to price forecasts for (n+1 year) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares

- That the transferee is unlikely to sell the transferred asset does not, of itself, mean that the transferor has retained control of the transferred asset. However, if a put option or guarantee constrains the transferee from selling the transferred asset, then the transferor has retained control of the transferred asset. For example, if a put option or guarantee is sufficiently valuable it constrains the transferee from selling the transferred asset because the transferee would, in practice, not sell the transferred asset to a third party without attaching a similar option or other restrictive conditions. Instead, the transferee would hold the transferred asset so as to obtain payments under the guarantee or put option. Under these circumstances the transferor has retained control of the transferred asset.
- The rebuttable presumption in paragraph 5.5.11 is not an absolute indicator that lifetime expected credit losses should be recognised, but is presumed to be the latest point at which lifetime expected credit losses should be recognised even when using forward-looking information (including macroeconomic factors on a portfolio level).
- An entity shall apply this Standard retrospectively, in accordance with IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors, except as specified in paragraphs 7.2.4–7.2.26 and 7.2.28. This Standard shall not be applied to items that have already been derecognised at the date of initial application.
- If there is a hedging relationship between a non-derivative monetary asset and a non-derivative monetary liability, changes in the foreign currency component of those financial instruments are presented in profit or loss.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) with Statistical Hypothesis Testing ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the KIQ stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+1 year) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

### KIQ Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | Baa2 | B1 |

Balance Sheet | Ba3 | Caa2 |

Leverage Ratios | Baa2 | Caa2 |

Cash Flow | B3 | B1 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | B2 | C |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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- Bessler, D. A. S. W. Fuller (1993), "Cointegration between U.S. wheat markets," Journal of Regional Science, 33, 481–501.
- Armstrong, J. S. M. C. Grohman (1972), "A comparative study of methods for long-range market forecasting," Management Science, 19, 211–221.
- S. Bhatnagar, H. Prasad, and L. Prashanth. Stochastic recursive algorithms for optimization, volume 434. Springer, 2013
- Chamberlain G. 2000. Econometrics and decision theory. J. Econom. 95:255–83
- uyer, S. Whiteson, B. Bakker, and N. A. Vlassis. Multiagent reinforcement learning for urban traffic control using coordination graphs. In Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, European Conference, ECML/PKDD 2008, Antwerp, Belgium, September 15-19, 2008, Proceedings, Part I, pages 656–671, 2008.
- Bastani H, Bayati M. 2015. Online decision-making with high-dimensional covariates. Work. Pap., Univ. Penn./ Stanford Grad. School Bus., Philadelphia/Stanford, CA

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for KIQ stock?A: KIQ stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Direction Analysis) and Statistical Hypothesis Testing

Q: Is KIQ stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold KIQ Stock.

Q: Is Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Kelso Technologies Inc Ordinary Shares is Hold and assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of KIQ stock?

A: The consensus rating for KIQ is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for KIQ stock?

A: The prediction period for KIQ is (n+1 year)