**Outlook:**Kinross Gold Corporation is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**Wait until speculative trend diminishes

**Time series to forecast n: 22 Feb 2023**for (n+3 month)

**Methodology :**Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis)

## Abstract

Kinross Gold Corporation prediction model is evaluated with Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis) and Beta^{1,2,3,4}and it is concluded that the K:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term.

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Wait until speculative trend diminishes**

## Key Points

- Nash Equilibria
- How do you pick a stock?
- What are main components of Markov decision process?

## K:TSX Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Kinross Gold Corporation Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of K:TSX stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Beta)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+3 month) $\overrightarrow{R}=\left({r}_{1},{r}_{2},{r}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of K:TSX stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## K:TSX Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+3 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**K:TSX Kinross Gold Corporation

**Time series to forecast n: 22 Feb 2023**for (n+3 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Wait until speculative trend diminishes**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for Kinross Gold Corporation

- To calculate the change in the value of the hedged item for the purpose of measuring hedge ineffectiveness, an entity may use a derivative that would have terms that match the critical terms of the hedged item (this is commonly referred to as a 'hypothetical derivative'), and, for example for a hedge of a forecast transaction, would be calibrated using the hedged price (or rate) level. For example, if the hedge was for a two-sided risk at the current market level, the hypothetical derivative would represent a hypothetical forward contract that is calibrated to a value of nil at the time of designation of the hedging relationship. If the hedge was for example for a one-sided risk, the hypothetical derivative would represent the intrinsic value of a hypothetical option that at the time of designation of the hedging relationship is at the money if the hedged price level is the current market level, or out of the money if the hedged price level is above (or, for a hedge of a long position, below) the current market level. Using a hypothetical derivative is one possible way of calculating the change in the value of the hedged item. The hypothetical derivative replicates the hedged item and hence results in the same outcome as if that change in value was determined by a different approach. Hence, using a 'hypothetical derivative' is not a method in its own right but a mathematical expedient that can only be used to calculate the value of the hedged item. Consequently, a 'hypothetical derivative' cannot be used to include features in the value of the hedged item that only exist in the hedging instrument (but not in the hedged item). An example is debt denominated in a foreign currency (irrespective of whether it is fixed-rate or variable-rate debt). When using a hypothetical derivative to calculate the change in the value of such debt or the present value of the cumulative change in its cash flows, the hypothetical derivative cannot simply impute a charge for exchanging different currencies even though actual derivatives under which different currencies are exchanged might include such a charge (for example, cross-currency interest rate swaps).
- Leverage is a contractual cash flow characteristic of some financial assets. Leverage increases the variability of the contractual cash flows with the result that they do not have the economic characteristics of interest. Stand-alone option, forward and swap contracts are examples of financial assets that include such leverage. Thus, such contracts do not meet the condition in paragraphs 4.1.2(b) and 4.1.2A(b) and cannot be subsequently measured at amortised cost or fair value through other comprehensive income.
- For the purpose of recognising foreign exchange gains and losses under IAS 21, a financial asset measured at fair value through other comprehensive income in accordance with paragraph 4.1.2A is treated as a monetary item. Accordingly, such a financial asset is treated as an asset measured at amortised cost in the foreign currency. Exchange differences on the amortised cost are recognised in profit or loss and other changes in the carrying amount are recognised in accordance with paragraph 5.7.10.
- Paragraph 5.7.5 permits an entity to make an irrevocable election to present in other comprehensive income subsequent changes in the fair value of particular investments in equity instruments. Such an investment is not a monetary item. Accordingly, the gain or loss that is presented in other comprehensive income in accordance with paragraph 5.7.5 includes any related foreign exchange component.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

Kinross Gold Corporation is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating. Kinross Gold Corporation prediction model is evaluated with Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis) and Beta^{1,2,3,4} and it is concluded that the K:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term. ** According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Wait until speculative trend diminishes**

### K:TSX Kinross Gold Corporation Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | Baa2 | B2 |

Balance Sheet | Baa2 | Baa2 |

Leverage Ratios | Baa2 | Ba3 |

Cash Flow | Baa2 | Baa2 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | Caa2 | Ba3 |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- S. Bhatnagar. An actor-critic algorithm with function approximation for discounted cost constrained Markov decision processes. Systems & Control Letters, 59(12):760–766, 2010
- Chen, C. L. Liu (1993), "Joint estimation of model parameters and outlier effects in time series," Journal of the American Statistical Association, 88, 284–297.
- Dimakopoulou M, Athey S, Imbens G. 2017. Estimation considerations in contextual bandits. arXiv:1711.07077 [stat.ML]
- Zou H, Hastie T. 2005. Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net. J. R. Stat. Soc. B 67:301–20
- V. Borkar. A sensitivity formula for the risk-sensitive cost and the actor-critic algorithm. Systems & Control Letters, 44:339–346, 2001
- L. Prashanth and M. Ghavamzadeh. Actor-critic algorithms for risk-sensitive MDPs. In Proceedings of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 26, pages 252–260, 2013.
- Barkan O. 2016. Bayesian neural word embedding. arXiv:1603.06571 [math.ST]

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for K:TSX stock?A: K:TSX stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market News Sentiment Analysis) and Beta

Q: Is K:TSX stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Wait until speculative trend diminishes K:TSX Stock.

Q: Is Kinross Gold Corporation stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Kinross Gold Corporation is Wait until speculative trend diminishes and is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of K:TSX stock?

A: The consensus rating for K:TSX is Wait until speculative trend diminishes.

Q: What is the prediction period for K:TSX stock?

A: The prediction period for K:TSX is (n+3 month)