**Outlook:**ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**Hold

**Time series to forecast n: 29 Mar 2023**for (n+4 weeks)

**Methodology :**Deductive Inference (ML)

## Abstract

ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED prediction model is evaluated with Deductive Inference (ML) and Logistic Regression^{1,2,3,4}and it is concluded that the LON:AAIF stock is predictable in the short/long term.

**According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

## Key Points

- Should I buy stocks now or wait amid such uncertainty?
- Trust metric by Neural Network
- Investment Risk

## LON:AAIF Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED Decision Process with Deductive Inference (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of LON:AAIF stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Logistic Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Deductive Inference (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+4 weeks) $\overrightarrow{R}=\left({r}_{1},{r}_{2},{r}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LON:AAIF stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LON:AAIF Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+4 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**LON:AAIF ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED

**Time series to forecast n: 29 Mar 2023**for (n+4 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED

- Amounts presented in other comprehensive income shall not be subsequently transferred to profit or loss. However, the entity may transfer the cumulative gain or loss within equity.
- If a financial instrument that was previously recognised as a financial asset is measured at fair value through profit or loss and its fair value decreases below zero, it is a financial liability measured in accordance with paragraph 4.2.1. However, hybrid contracts with hosts that are assets within the scope of this Standard are always measured in accordance with paragraph 4.3.2.
- An example of a fair value hedge is a hedge of exposure to changes in the fair value of a fixed-rate debt instrument arising from changes in interest rates. Such a hedge could be entered into by the issuer or by the holder.
- Hedging relationships that qualified for hedge accounting in accordance with IAS 39 that also qualify for hedge accounting in accordance with the criteria of this Standard (see paragraph 6.4.1), after taking into account any rebalancing of the hedging relationship on transition (see paragraph 7.2.25(b)), shall be regarded as continuing hedging relationships.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating. ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED prediction model is evaluated with Deductive Inference (ML) and Logistic Regression^{1,2,3,4} and it is concluded that the LON:AAIF stock is predictable in the short/long term. ** According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

### LON:AAIF ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | B3 | Baa2 |

Balance Sheet | Caa2 | C |

Leverage Ratios | Baa2 | Caa2 |

Cash Flow | Ba1 | B3 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | Caa2 | C |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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- Farrell MH, Liang T, Misra S. 2018. Deep neural networks for estimation and inference: application to causal effects and other semiparametric estimands. arXiv:1809.09953 [econ.EM]
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- Angrist JD, Pischke JS. 2008. Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist's Companion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press
- J. Harb and D. Precup. Investigating recurrence and eligibility traces in deep Q-networks. In Deep Reinforcement Learning Workshop, NIPS 2016, Barcelona, Spain, 2016.

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for LON:AAIF stock?A: LON:AAIF stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Deductive Inference (ML) and Logistic Regression

Q: Is LON:AAIF stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:AAIF Stock.

Q: Is ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for ABRDN ASIAN INCOME FUND LIMITED is Hold and is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of LON:AAIF stock?

A: The consensus rating for LON:AAIF is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for LON:AAIF stock?

A: The prediction period for LON:AAIF is (n+4 weeks)