Outlook: VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED is assigned short-term B3 & long-term Ba3 estimated rating.
Time series to forecast n: 21 Jun 2023 for 4 Weeks
Methodology : Inductive Learning (ML)

## Summary

VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED prediction model is evaluated with Inductive Learning (ML) and Independent T-Test1,2,3,4 and it is concluded that the VAL stock is predictable in the short/long term. Inductive learning is a type of machine learning in which the model learns from a set of labeled data and makes predictions about new, unlabeled data. The model is trained on the labeled data and then used to make predictions on new data. Inductive learning is a supervised learning algorithm, which means that it requires labeled data to train. The labeled data is used to train the model to make predictions about new data. There are many different types of inductive learning algorithms, including decision trees, support vector machines, and neural networks. Each type of algorithm has its own strengths and weaknesses. According to price forecasts for 4 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy ## Key Points

1. What are buy sell or hold recommendations?
2. Fundemental Analysis with Algorithmic Trading
3. Stock Forecast Based On a Predictive Algorithm

## VAL Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED Decision Process with Inductive Learning (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of VAL stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.1,2,3,4

F(Independent T-Test)5,6,7= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{a1}& {p}_{a2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Inductive Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ 4 Weeks $R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}1& 0& 0\\ 0& 1& 0\\ 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of VAL stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

### Inductive Learning (ML)

Inductive learning is a type of machine learning in which the model learns from a set of labeled data and makes predictions about new, unlabeled data. The model is trained on the labeled data and then used to make predictions on new data. Inductive learning is a supervised learning algorithm, which means that it requires labeled data to train. The labeled data is used to train the model to make predictions about new data. There are many different types of inductive learning algorithms, including decision trees, support vector machines, and neural networks. Each type of algorithm has its own strengths and weaknesses.

### Independent T-Test

An independent t-test is a statistical test that compares the means of two independent samples. In an independent t-test, the data points in each sample are not related to each other. The independent t-test is a parametric test, which means that it assumes that the data is normally distributed. The independent t-test is also a two-sample test, which means that it compares the means of two independent samples.

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## VAL Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for 4 Weeks

Sample Set: Neural Network
Stock/Index: VAL VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED
Time series to forecast n: 21 Jun 2023 for 4 Weeks

According to price forecasts for 4 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED

1. When designating a group of items as the hedged item, or a combination of financial instruments as the hedging instrument, an entity shall prospectively cease applying paragraphs 6.8.4–6.8.6 to an individual item or financial instrument in accordance with paragraphs 6.8.9, 6.8.10, or 6.8.11, as relevant, when the uncertainty arising from interest rate benchmark reform is no longer present with respect to the hedged risk and/or the timing and the amount of the interest rate benchmark-based cash flows of that item or financial instrument.
2. Hedge effectiveness is the extent to which changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedging instrument offset changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedged item (for example, when the hedged item is a risk component, the relevant change in fair value or cash flows of an item is the one that is attributable to the hedged risk). Hedge ineffectiveness is the extent to which the changes in the fair value or the cash flows of the hedging instrument are greater or less than those on the hedged item.
3. For purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets, expected credit losses shall be discounted using the credit-adjusted effective interest rate determined at initial recognition.
4. The methods used to determine whether credit risk has increased significantly on a financial instrument since initial recognition should consider the characteristics of the financial instrument (or group of financial instruments) and the default patterns in the past for comparable financial instruments. Despite the requirement in paragraph 5.5.9, for financial instruments for which default patterns are not concentrated at a specific point during the expected life of the financial instrument, changes in the risk of a default occurring over the next 12 months may be a reasonable approximation of the changes in the lifetime risk of a default occurring. In such cases, an entity may use changes in the risk of a default occurring over the next 12 months to determine whether credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition, unless circumstances indicate that a lifetime assessment is necessary

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED is assigned short-term B3 & long-term Ba3 estimated rating. VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED prediction model is evaluated with Inductive Learning (ML) and Independent T-Test1,2,3,4 and it is concluded that the VAL stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for 4 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy

### VAL VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED Financial Analysis*

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Outlook*B3Ba3
Income StatementCaa2Baa2
Balance SheetCaa2C
Leverage RatiosB2B3
Cash FlowCBaa2
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityBaa2Ba3

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

Trust metric by Neural Network: 77 out of 100 with 697 signals.

## References

1. M. Puterman. Markov Decision Processes: Discrete Stochastic Dynamic Programming. Wiley, New York, 1994.
2. Breiman L. 1996. Bagging predictors. Mach. Learn. 24:123–40
3. Alpaydin E. 2009. Introduction to Machine Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
4. R. Rockafellar and S. Uryasev. Conditional value-at-risk for general loss distributions. Journal of Banking and Finance, 26(7):1443 – 1471, 2002
5. Bai J, Ng S. 2002. Determining the number of factors in approximate factor models. Econometrica 70:191–221
6. Andrews, D. W. K. (1993), "Tests for parameter instability and structural change with unknown change point," Econometrica, 61, 821–856.
7. J. Baxter and P. Bartlett. Infinite-horizon policy-gradient estimation. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Re- search, 15:319–350, 2001.
Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: What is the prediction methodology for VAL stock?
A: VAL stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Inductive Learning (ML) and Independent T-Test
Q: Is VAL stock a buy or sell?
A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy VAL Stock.
Q: Is VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED stock a good investment?
A: The consensus rating for VALOR RESOURCES LIMITED is Buy and is assigned short-term B3 & long-term Ba3 estimated rating.
Q: What is the consensus rating of VAL stock?
A: The consensus rating for VAL is Buy.
Q: What is the prediction period for VAL stock?
A: The prediction period for VAL is 4 Weeks