**Outlook:**Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**Hold

**Time series to forecast n: 17 Jun 2023**for 8 Weeks

**Methodology :**Deductive Inference (ML)

## Abstract

Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock prediction model is evaluated with Deductive Inference (ML) and ElasticNet Regression^{1,2,3,4}and it is concluded that the CBU stock is predictable in the short/long term. Deductive inference is a type of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn based on a set of premises that are assumed to be true. In machine learning (ML), deductive inference can be used to create models that can make predictions about new data based on a set of known rules. Deductive inference is a supervised learning algorithm, which means that it requires labeled data to train. The labeled data is used to train the model to make predictions about new data. There are many different types of deductive inference algorithms, including decision trees, rule-based systems, and expert systems. Each type of algorithm has its own strengths and weaknesses.

**According to price forecasts for 8 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

## Key Points

- Understanding Buy, Sell, and Hold Ratings
- Nash Equilibria
- What are main components of Markov decision process?

## CBU Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock Decision Process with Deductive Inference (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of CBU stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(ElasticNet Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Deductive Inference (ML)) X S(n):→ 8 Weeks $\overrightarrow{S}=\left({s}_{1},{s}_{2},{s}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of CBU stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

### Deductive Inference (ML)

Deductive inference is a type of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn based on a set of premises that are assumed to be true. In machine learning (ML), deductive inference can be used to create models that can make predictions about new data based on a set of known rules. Deductive inference is a supervised learning algorithm, which means that it requires labeled data to train. The labeled data is used to train the model to make predictions about new data. There are many different types of deductive inference algorithms, including decision trees, rule-based systems, and expert systems. Each type of algorithm has its own strengths and weaknesses.### ElasticNet Regression

Elastic net regression is a type of regression analysis that combines the benefits of ridge regression and lasso regression. It is a regularized regression method that adds a penalty to the least squares objective function in order to reduce the variance of the estimates, induce sparsity in the model, and reduce overfitting. This is done by adding a term to the objective function that is proportional to the sum of the squares of the coefficients and the sum of the absolute values of the coefficients. The penalty terms are controlled by two parameters, called the ridge constant and the lasso constant. Elastic net regression can be used to address the problems of multicollinearity, overfitting, and sensitivity to outliers. It is a more flexible method than ridge regression or lasso regression, and it can often achieve better results.

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## CBU Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for 8 Weeks

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**CBU Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock

**Time series to forecast n: 17 Jun 2023**for 8 Weeks

**According to price forecasts for 8 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock

- Time value of money is the element of interest that provides consideration for only the passage of time. That is, the time value of money element does not provide consideration for other risks or costs associated with holding the financial asset. In order to assess whether the element provides consideration for only the passage of time, an entity applies judgement and considers relevant factors such as the currency in which the financial asset is denominated and the period for which the interest rate is set.
- A single hedging instrument may be designated as a hedging instrument of more than one type of risk, provided that there is a specific designation of the hedging instrument and of the different risk positions as hedged items. Those hedged items can be in different hedging relationships.
- Unless paragraph 6.8.8 applies, for a hedge of a non-contractually specified benchmark component of interest rate risk, an entity shall apply the requirement in paragraphs 6.3.7(a) and B6.3.8—that the risk component shall be separately identifiable—only at the inception of the hedging relationship.
- Changes in market conditions that give rise to market risk include changes in a benchmark interest rate, the price of another entity's financial instrument, a commodity price, a foreign exchange rate or an index of prices or rates.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating. Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock prediction model is evaluated with Deductive Inference (ML) and ElasticNet Regression^{1,2,3,4} and it is concluded that the CBU stock is predictable in the short/long term. ** According to price forecasts for 8 Weeks period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Hold**

### CBU Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | Caa2 | C |

Balance Sheet | B3 | C |

Leverage Ratios | B1 | C |

Cash Flow | B2 | B3 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | Ba1 | Baa2 |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Alpaydin E. 2009. Introduction to Machine Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
- P. Artzner, F. Delbaen, J. Eber, and D. Heath. Coherent measures of risk. Journal of Mathematical Finance, 9(3):203–228, 1999
- Mazumder R, Hastie T, Tibshirani R. 2010. Spectral regularization algorithms for learning large incomplete matrices. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 11:2287–322
- S. Proper and K. Tumer. Modeling difference rewards for multiagent learning (extended abstract). In Proceedings of the Eleventh International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, Valencia, Spain, June 2012
- Bera, A. M. L. Higgins (1997), "ARCH and bilinearity as competing models for nonlinear dependence," Journal of Business Economic Statistics, 15, 43–50.
- Mnih A, Kavukcuoglu K. 2013. Learning word embeddings efficiently with noise-contrastive estimation. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, Vol. 26, ed. Z Ghahramani, M Welling, C Cortes, ND Lawrence, KQ Weinberger, pp. 2265–73. San Diego, CA: Neural Inf. Process. Syst. Found.
- Wager S, Athey S. 2017. Estimation and inference of heterogeneous treatment effects using random forests. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 113:1228–42

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for CBU stock?A: CBU stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Deductive Inference (ML) and ElasticNet Regression

Q: Is CBU stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold CBU Stock.

Q: Is Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Community Bank System Inc. Common Stock is Hold and is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of CBU stock?

A: The consensus rating for CBU is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for CBU stock?

A: The prediction period for CBU is 8 Weeks

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