Outlook: FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND is assigned short-term Caa2 & long-term B1 estimated rating.
AUC Score : What is AUC Score?
Short-Term Revised :
Time series to forecast n: for 3 Month
Hypothesis Testing : Stepwise Regression
Surveillance : Major exchange and OTC

## Summary

FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND prediction model is evaluated with Multi-Task Learning (ML) and Stepwise Regression1,2,3,4 and it is concluded that the FSF stock is predictable in the short/long term. Multi-task learning (MTL) is a machine learning (ML) method in which multiple related tasks are learned simultaneously. This can be done by sharing features and weights between the tasks. MTL has been shown to improve the performance of each task, compared to learning each task independently. According to price forecasts for 3 Month period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy

## Key Points

1. What is prediction in deep learning?
2. Probability Distribution
3. Is it better to buy and sell or hold?

## FSF Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND Decision Process with Multi-Task Learning (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of FSF stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.1,2,3,4

F(Stepwise Regression)5,6,7= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{a1}& {p}_{a2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & ⋮\\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Multi-Task Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ 3 Month $∑ i = 1 n s i$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of FSF stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

Multi-task learning (MTL) is a machine learning (ML) method in which multiple related tasks are learned simultaneously. This can be done by sharing features and weights between the tasks. MTL has been shown to improve the performance of each task, compared to learning each task independently.

### Stepwise Regression

Stepwise regression is a method of variable selection in which variables are added or removed from a model one at a time, based on their statistical significance. There are two main types of stepwise regression: forward selection and backward elimination. In forward selection, variables are added to the model one at a time, starting with the variable with the highest F-statistic. The F-statistic is a measure of how much improvement in the model is gained by adding the variable. Variables are added to the model until no variable adds a statistically significant improvement to the model.

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## FSF Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for 3 Month

Sample Set: Neural Network
Stock/Index: FSF FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND
Time series to forecast: 3 Month

According to price forecasts for 3 Month period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND

1. An example of a fair value hedge is a hedge of exposure to changes in the fair value of a fixed-rate debt instrument arising from changes in interest rates. Such a hedge could be entered into by the issuer or by the holder.
2. When identifying what risk components qualify for designation as a hedged item, an entity assesses such risk components within the context of the particular market structure to which the risk or risks relate and in which the hedging activity takes place. Such a determination requires an evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances, which differ by risk and market.
3. Credit risk analysis is a multifactor and holistic analysis; whether a specific factor is relevant, and its weight compared to other factors, will depend on the type of product, characteristics of the financial instruments and the borrower as well as the geographical region. An entity shall consider reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort and that is relevant for the particular financial instrument being assessed. However, some factors or indicators may not be identifiable on an individual financial instrument level. In such a case, the factors or indicators should be assessed for appropriate portfolios, groups of portfolios or portions of a portfolio of financial instruments to determine whether the requirement in paragraph 5.5.3 for the recognition of lifetime expected credit losses has been met.
4. If changes are made in addition to those changes required by interest rate benchmark reform to the financial asset or financial liability designated in a hedging relationship (as described in paragraphs 5.4.6–5.4.8) or to the designation of the hedging relationship (as required by paragraph 6.9.1), an entity shall first apply the applicable requirements in this Standard to determine if those additional changes result in the discontinuation of hedge accounting. If the additional changes do not result in the discontinuation of hedge accounting, an entity shall amend the formal designation of the hedging relationship as specified in paragraph 6.9.1.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND is assigned short-term Caa2 & long-term B1 estimated rating. FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND prediction model is evaluated with Multi-Task Learning (ML) and Stepwise Regression1,2,3,4 and it is concluded that the FSF stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for 3 Month period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Buy

### FSF FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND Financial Analysis*

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Outlook*Caa2B1
Income StatementCC
Balance SheetCB1
Leverage RatiosCaa2B3
Cash FlowB3Baa2
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityCaa2Baa2

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

Trust metric by Neural Network: 77 out of 100 with 489 signals.

## References

1. Künzel S, Sekhon J, Bickel P, Yu B. 2017. Meta-learners for estimating heterogeneous treatment effects using machine learning. arXiv:1706.03461 [math.ST]
2. Doudchenko N, Imbens GW. 2016. Balancing, regression, difference-in-differences and synthetic control methods: a synthesis. NBER Work. Pap. 22791
3. Semenova V, Goldman M, Chernozhukov V, Taddy M. 2018. Orthogonal ML for demand estimation: high dimensional causal inference in dynamic panels. arXiv:1712.09988 [stat.ML]
4. ZXhang, Y.X., Haxo, Y.M. and Mat, Y.X., 2023. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (No. Stock Analysis). AC Investment Research.
5. Mazumder R, Hastie T, Tibshirani R. 2010. Spectral regularization algorithms for learning large incomplete matrices. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 11:2287–322
6. Farrell MH, Liang T, Misra S. 2018. Deep neural networks for estimation and inference: application to causal effects and other semiparametric estimands. arXiv:1809.09953 [econ.EM]
7. Abadie A, Imbens GW. 2011. Bias-corrected matching estimators for average treatment effects. J. Bus. Econ. Stat. 29:1–11
Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: What is the prediction methodology for FSF stock?
A: FSF stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Multi-Task Learning (ML) and Stepwise Regression
Q: Is FSF stock a buy or sell?
A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Buy FSF Stock.
Q: Is FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND stock a good investment?
A: The consensus rating for FONTERRA SHAREHOLDERS' FUND is Buy and is assigned short-term Caa2 & long-term B1 estimated rating.
Q: What is the consensus rating of FSF stock?
A: The consensus rating for FSF is Buy.
Q: What is the prediction period for FSF stock?
A: The prediction period for FSF is 3 Month