**Outlook:**Gran Tierra Energy Inc. is assigned short-term B1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**AUC Score :**

**Short-Term Revised**

^{1}:**Dominant Strategy :**Sell

**Time series to forecast n:** for

^{2}

**Methodology :**Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis)

**Hypothesis Testing :**Polynomial Regression

**Surveillance :**Major exchange and OTC

^{1}The accuracy of the model is being monitored on a regular basis.(15-minute period)

^{2}Time series is updated based on short-term trends.

## Summary

Gran Tierra Energy Inc. prediction model is evaluated with Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis) and Polynomial Regression^{1,2,3,4}and it is concluded that the GTE:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term. Modular neural networks (MNNs) are a type of artificial neural network that can be used for financial sentiment analysis. MNNs are made up of multiple smaller neural networks, called modules. Each module is responsible for learning a specific task, such as identifying sentiment in text or identifying patterns in data. The modules are then combined to form a single neural network that can perform multiple tasks. In the context of financial sentiment analysis, MNNs can be used to identify the sentiment of financial news articles, social media posts, and other forms of online content. This information can then be used to make investment decisions, to identify trends in the market, and to target investors with relevant advertising.

**According to price forecasts for 1 Year period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Sell**

## Key Points

- Fundemental Analysis with Algorithmic Trading
- What is the use of Markov decision process?
- Which neural network is best for prediction?

## GTE:TSX Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Gran Tierra Energy Inc. Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of GTE:TSX stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Polynomial Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis)) X S(n):→ 1 Year $R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}1& 0& 0\\ 0& 1& 0\\ 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of GTE:TSX stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

### Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis)

Modular neural networks (MNNs) are a type of artificial neural network that can be used for financial sentiment analysis. MNNs are made up of multiple smaller neural networks, called modules. Each module is responsible for learning a specific task, such as identifying sentiment in text or identifying patterns in data. The modules are then combined to form a single neural network that can perform multiple tasks. In the context of financial sentiment analysis, MNNs can be used to identify the sentiment of financial news articles, social media posts, and other forms of online content. This information can then be used to make investment decisions, to identify trends in the market, and to target investors with relevant advertising.### Polynomial Regression

Polynomial regression is a type of regression analysis that uses a polynomial function to model the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. Polynomial functions are mathematical functions that have a polynomial term, which is a term that is raised to a power greater than 1. In polynomial regression, the dependent variable is modeled as a polynomial function of the independent variables. The degree of the polynomial function is determined by the researcher. The higher the degree of the polynomial function, the more complex the model will be.

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## GTE:TSX Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**GTE:TSX Gran Tierra Energy Inc.

**Time series to forecast:**1 Year

**According to price forecasts, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Sell**

Strategic Interaction Table Legend:

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

### Financial Data Adjustments for Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis) based GTE:TSX Stock Prediction Model

- For loan commitments, an entity considers changes in the risk of a default occurring on the loan to which a loan commitment relates. For financial guarantee contracts, an entity considers the changes in the risk that the specified debtor will default on the contract.
- Paragraph 5.5.4 requires that lifetime expected credit losses are recognised on all financial instruments for which there has been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition. In order to meet this objective, if an entity is not able to group financial instruments for which the credit risk is considered to have increased significantly since initial recognition based on shared credit risk characteristics, the entity should recognise lifetime expected credit losses on a portion of the financial assets for which credit risk is deemed to have increased significantly. The aggregation of financial instruments to assess whether there are changes in credit risk on a collective basis may change over time as new information becomes available on groups of, or individual, financial instruments.
- For the purpose of applying the requirement in paragraph 6.5.12 in order to determine whether the hedged future cash flows are expected to occur, an entity shall assume that the interest rate benchmark on which the hedged cash flows (contractually or non-contractually specified) are based is not altered as a result of interest rate benchmark reform.
- An entity's risk management is the main source of information to perform the assessment of whether a hedging relationship meets the hedge effectiveness requirements. This means that the management information (or analysis) used for decision-making purposes can be used as a basis for assessing whether a hedging relationship meets the hedge effectiveness requirements.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

### GTE:TSX Gran Tierra Energy Inc. Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | B1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | Caa2 | B1 |

Balance Sheet | Baa2 | B1 |

Leverage Ratios | Baa2 | Baa2 |

Cash Flow | C | Baa2 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | B1 | Baa2 |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

## Conclusions

Gran Tierra Energy Inc. is assigned short-term B1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating. Gran Tierra Energy Inc. prediction model is evaluated with Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis) and Polynomial Regression^{1,2,3,4} and it is concluded that the GTE:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term. ** According to price forecasts for 1 Year period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: Sell**

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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- Jorgenson, D.W., Weitzman, M.L., ZXhang, Y.X., Haxo, Y.M. and Mat, Y.X., 2023. Tesla Stock: Hold for Now, But Watch for Opportunities. AC Investment Research Journal, 220(44).
- Chernozhukov V, Demirer M, Duflo E, Fernandez-Val I. 2018b. Generic machine learning inference on heteroge- nous treatment effects in randomized experiments. NBER Work. Pap. 24678
- Dudik M, Langford J, Li L. 2011. Doubly robust policy evaluation and learning. In Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Machine Learning, pp. 1097–104. La Jolla, CA: Int. Mach. Learn. Soc.
- Akgiray, V. (1989), "Conditional heteroscedasticity in time series of stock returns: Evidence and forecasts," Journal of Business, 62, 55–80.
- Andrews, D. W. K. W. Ploberger (1994), "Optimal tests when a nuisance parameter is present only under the alternative," Econometrica, 62, 1383–1414.

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for GTE:TSX stock?A: GTE:TSX stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Financial Sentiment Analysis) and Polynomial Regression

Q: Is GTE:TSX stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell GTE:TSX Stock.

Q: Is Gran Tierra Energy Inc. stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Gran Tierra Energy Inc. is Sell and is assigned short-term B1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of GTE:TSX stock?

A: The consensus rating for GTE:TSX is Sell.

Q: What is the prediction period for GTE:TSX stock?

A: The prediction period for GTE:TSX is 1 Year

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