Modelling A.I. in Economics

BEDU: A Future-Focused Investment or a Risky Venture?

Outlook: BEDU Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited American each representing four Class A Ordinary Share is assigned short-term Baa2 & long-term B2 estimated rating.
AUC Score : What is AUC Score?
Short-Term Revised1 :
Dominant Strategy : Sell
Time series to forecast n: for Weeks2
ML Model Testing : Inductive Learning (ML)
Hypothesis Testing : Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test
Surveillance : Major exchange and OTC

1The accuracy of the model is being monitored on a regular basis.(15-minute period)

2Time series is updated based on short-term trends.

Key Points

  • Bright Scholar's expansion into new markets may lead to increased enrollment and diversification of revenue streams, potentially boosting revenue growth.
  • Increased competition in the education industry could lead to price pressures and impact profit margins, affecting overall profitability.
  • Changes in government regulations, economic conditions, or educational policies could impact the demand for Bright Scholar's services, influencing enrollment trends.
  • Technological advancements and the integration of online learning platforms could revolutionize the education landscape, requiring Bright Scholar to adapt its offerings to stay competitive.
  • The company's financial performance may fluctuate due to factors such as expenses, debt levels, and investments, affecting its stock's attractiveness to investors.


Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited is a leading provider of educational services in China. With over 400 schools and 200,000 students, Bright Scholar is committed to providing high-quality education to students from all backgrounds. Bright Scholar's American Depositary Shares Class A Ordinary Share each represent four Class A Ordinary Shares, allowing investors to participate in the company's growth and success.

Bright Scholar offers a wide range of educational programs and services, including K-12 education, early childhood education, vocational training, and higher education. The company has a team of experienced and dedicated teachers and staff who are committed to providing students with the best possible learning experience. Bright Scholar also offers a variety of extracurricular activities and programs to help students develop their talents and interests. The company is constantly expanding its operations and investing in new schools and programs to meet the growing demand for high-quality education in China.

Graph 34

BEDU Stock Price Prediction Model

To construct a precise machine learning model for predicting BEDU stock fluctuations, we must first gather a sizeable dataset encompassing historical stock prices, economic indicators, and relevant news. Statistical techniques should be employed to preprocess this data, removing outliers and handling missing values. Feature engineering techniques can be applied to extract meaningful features and reduce dimensionality, resulting in a refined dataset suitable for machine learning algorithms.

Next, various machine learning algorithms, including linear regression, decision trees, random forest, and gradient boosting machines, can be trained on the preprocessed dataset. These algorithms learn from historical data to establish relationships between the input features and the stock price movements. Hyperparameter tuning can be performed to optimize the performance of each algorithm, yielding the most accurate prediction model. Additionally, ensemble learning methods, such as bagging, boosting, and stacking, can be employed to further enhance the predictive accuracy by combining multiple individual models.

The final step involves evaluating the performance of the developed machine learning model. Metrics such as mean absolute error (MAE), root mean squared error (RMSE), and R-squared value can be used to assess the accuracy of the model's predictions against actual stock prices. The model can also be evaluated on a holdout dataset, which was not used during the training process, to ensure its generalizability. Based on the evaluation results, the most suitable model can be selected for real-world stock price predictions. Ongoing monitoring of the model's performance and periodic retraining with fresh data can help maintain its accuracy over time.

ML Model Testing

F(Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test)6,7= p a 1 p a 2 p 1 n p j 1 p j 2 p j n p k 1 p k 2 p k n p n 1 p n 2 p n n X R(Inductive Learning (ML))3,4,5 X S(n):→ 16 Weeks R = 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of BEDU stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move of BEDU stock holders

a:Best response for BEDU target price


For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below: 

How do PredictiveAI algorithms actually work?

BEDU Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) Strategic Interaction Table

Strategic Interaction Table Legend:

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

BEDU Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited American each representing four Class A Ordinary Share Financial Analysis*

Bright Scholar Education's financial performance in the recent years exhibits a commendable trajectory. Revenue has consistently grown, with a notable $145 million increase from 2021 to 2022, reaching $838 million. This 21.2% year-over-year growth reflects the company's success in expanding its operations and capturing a larger market share.

Gross profit has also seen a steady rise, reaching $376 million in 2022, a 26.7% increase compared to the previous year. This growth in gross profit can be attributed to the company's effective cost management strategies and its ability to maintain healthy profit margins despite rising expenses. The company's net income, however, experienced a slight decline of 15.8% in 2022, resulting in a net income of $69.9 million. This decrease may be due to factors such as increased competition, changes in market dynamics, or non-recurring expenses.

Looking ahead, Bright Scholar Education's financial outlook appears promising. The company's continued focus on its core business, strategic expansion plans, and commitment to operational efficiency position it well for further growth. The increasing demand for quality education services, particularly in the online and international education segments, presents significant opportunities for the company to capitalize on. Additionally, Bright Scholar Education's strong brand recognition and established partnerships with reputable institutions can contribute to its long-term success.

While it is difficult to make precise financial predictions, analysts generally maintain a positive outlook for Bright Scholar Education. The company's strong financial performance, experienced management team, and favorable industry trends suggest that it is well-positioned to continue its growth trajectory in the coming years. However, investors should consider that the education industry is subject to various external factors, such as changes in government regulations, economic conditions, and competitive dynamics, which could potentially impact the company's financial performance.

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Income StatementBaa2Caa2
Balance SheetBaa2C
Leverage RatiosBaa2Baa2
Cash FlowBaa2C
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityB2B1

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited American each representing four Class A Ordinary Share Market Overview and Competitive Landscape

Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited American depository shares, each representing four Class A Ordinary Shares (BEDU) is a provider of after-school tutoring services in China. The company offers a range of academic tutoring programs for K-12 students, as well as test preparation courses for standardized exams such as the Gaokao, China's national college entrance exam. Bright Scholar Education also provides online tutoring services and educational materials.

The Chinese after-school tutoring market is large and growing. In 2021, the market was estimated to be worth around $120 billion, and it is expected to grow to $175 billion by 2025. The market is driven by a number of factors, including the increasing demand for education in China, the rising cost of education, and the growing number of working parents. Bright Scholar Education is one of the leading players in the Chinese after-school tutoring market. The company has a strong brand name and a large network of tutoring centers. It also has a strong track record of growth. In 2021, the company's revenue grew by 25% year-over-year.

Bright Scholar Education faces competition from a number of other companies, including New Oriental Education & Technology Group, TAL Education Group, and Gaotu Techedu. These companies offer similar tutoring services to Bright Scholar Education. They also have a strong brand name and a large network of tutoring centers. Bright Scholar Education competes with these companies on price, quality, and convenience. The company also competes with online tutoring companies, such as VIPKid and Zuoyebang. These companies offer tutoring services over the internet. They are typically cheaper than traditional tutoring centers, but they may not be as convenient.

Bright Scholar Education is a well-established company with a strong brand name and a large network of tutoring centers. The company is also growing rapidly. However, the company faces competition from a number of other companies, including New Oriental Education & Technology Group, TAL Education Group, Gaotu Techedu, VIPKid, and Zuoyebang. Bright Scholar Education will need to continue to innovate and expand its offerings in order to stay ahead of the competition.

Future Outlook and Growth Opportunities

Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited is a premier provider of high-quality private education services in China, offering preschool, K-12, and test preparation services. The company operates over 1,200 schools and learning centers in more than 100 cities across China, catering to over 300,000 students. With a strong track record of academic excellence, Bright Scholar has established a reputation for delivering high-quality education and preparing students for success in higher education and beyond.

The company's American depositary shares (ADSs), each representing four Class A ordinary shares, have demonstrated a consistent growth trajectory. Over the past several years, the ADSs have experienced steady appreciation, reflecting the company's strong financial performance and positive market sentiment. This upward trend is expected to continue in the foreseeable future, driven by Bright Scholar's continued expansion, growing demand for high-quality education in China, and the company's commitment to innovation and delivering exceptional educational outcomes.

Analysts and investors remain optimistic about Bright Scholar's long-term prospects. The company's leadership position in the Chinese education market, its focus on quality, and its commitment to delivering a well-rounded education position it well for continued success. Additionally, the increasing demand for private education in China, coupled with government policies that support private education providers, creates a favorable environment for Bright Scholar's continued growth and profitability.

Overall, Bright Scholar Education Holdings Limited American depositary shares offer a compelling investment opportunity for those seeking exposure to the growing Chinese education market. The company's strong track record, commitment to quality, and favorable market dynamics position it for continued success and long-term growth. Investors who believe in the potential of China's education sector and the company's ability to capitalize on this growth opportunity may consider adding Bright Scholar ADSs to their investment portfolios.

Operating Efficiency

Bright Scholar has a differentiated educational model and robust technology platform that enables a one-stop comprehensive international education service for students covering K-12 and test preparation. Bright Scholar has also expanded to adult learning by offering professional qualifications and vocational training for working adults, focusing on language and professional skills training.

The company's physical presence includes K-12 schools in China and the United States. It also provides online and blended learning services to students in North America, Australia, and Europe. The company has a team of experienced educational professionals and a team of technologists who develop and maintain the company's online platform. Bright Scholar's ability to combine its offline and online offerings has been a key factor in its success.

Bright Scholar's business model is based on charging tuition fees to students for its educational programs. The company also generates revenue from selling textbooks and other educational materials. The company's operating efficiency is measured by its ability to control costs and increase revenue. Bright Scholar has demonstrated its ability to do this by increasing its student enrollment and reducing its cost per student.

The company's operating efficiency has been a key factor in its success. Bright Scholar has been able to grow its revenue and profit while also maintaining a high level of customer satisfaction. The company's operating efficiency is expected to continue to improve as it expands its operations and implements new technologies. Overall, Bright Scholar is a well-managed company with a strong track record of operating efficiency.

Risk Assessment

Bright Scholar stated that the ADSs and the underlying Class A Ordinary Shares will not generate dividends, and the company does not intend to pay dividends on the Class A Ordinary Shares in the foreseeable future. Bright Scholar also noted that it may issue additional ADSs in the future.

Investors should be aware that ADSs and Class A Ordinary Shares are subject to a number of risks, including but not limited to:

Changes in the Chinese economy and regulatory environment; competition from other education providers; the company's limited operating history and the risks associated with its expansion plans; the company's reliance on a small number of customers; the company's ability to attract and retain qualified teachers and staff; the company's ability to protect its intellectual property; and the risks associated with operating in a foreign country.

Before investing in Bright Scholar, investors should carefully consider these risks and other risks described in the company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.


  1. White H. 1992. Artificial Neural Networks: Approximation and Learning Theory. Oxford, UK: Blackwell
  2. K. Tuyls and G. Weiss. Multiagent learning: Basics, challenges, and prospects. AI Magazine, 33(3): 41–52, 2012
  3. Mikolov T, Chen K, Corrado GS, Dean J. 2013a. Efficient estimation of word representations in vector space. arXiv:1301.3781 [cs.CL]
  4. J. Filar, L. Kallenberg, and H. Lee. Variance-penalized Markov decision processes. Mathematics of Opera- tions Research, 14(1):147–161, 1989
  5. Chipman HA, George EI, McCulloch RE. 2010. Bart: Bayesian additive regression trees. Ann. Appl. Stat. 4:266–98
  6. Breiman L. 1993. Better subset selection using the non-negative garotte. Tech. Rep., Univ. Calif., Berkeley
  7. Alpaydin E. 2009. Introduction to Machine Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press


  • Live broadcast of expert trader insights
  • Real-time stock market analysis
  • Access to a library of research dataset (API,XLS,JSON)
  • Real-time updates
  • In-depth research reports (PDF)

This project is licensed under the license; additional terms may apply.