Modelling A.I. in Economics

ERIC: Powering the Future of Connectivity - A Stock Worth Considering?

Outlook: ERIC Ericsson American is assigned short-term B2 & long-term Baa2 estimated rating.
AUC Score : What is AUC Score?
Short-Term Revised1 :
Dominant Strategy : Speculative Trend
Time series to forecast n: for Weeks2
ML Model Testing : Modular Neural Network (News Feed Sentiment Analysis)
Hypothesis Testing : Beta
Surveillance : Major exchange and OTC

1The accuracy of the model is being monitored on a regular basis.(15-minute period)

2Time series is updated based on short-term trends.

Key Points

  • Increased Market Share in 5G Infrastructure: Ericsson is expected to expand its market share in 5G infrastructure due to advanced technology and strong partnerships with leading telecom operators.
  • Growing Demand for Cloud Solutions: Increased adoption of cloud solutions and network functions virtualization (NFV) is anticipated to boost Ericsson's revenue growth.
  • Expansion in Emerging Markets: Ericsson's focus on expanding its presence in emerging markets, such as Asia-Pacific and Latin America, could drive growth opportunities.
  • Continued Investments in Research and Development: Continued investments in research and development are expected to enhance Ericsson's product portfolio and maintain competitive advantage.
  • Strong Financial Performance: Ericsson's solid financial position, including stable cash flow generation and a commitment to disciplined cost management, is likely to support stock performance.


Ericsson, a telecommunications company headquartered in Sweden, did not trade on an American stock exchange in 2023 and hence did not have a stock price in the United States.

The company's shares are primarily traded on the Nasdaq Stockholm exchange in Sweden, where it is listed under the ticker symbol "ERIC B". Ericsson's American Depositary Receipts (ADRs), which represent ownership of its ordinary shares, are also traded over-the-counter (OTC) in the United States under the ticker symbol "ERICY". However, the ADRs are not as widely traded as the ordinary shares on the Nasdaq Stockholm exchange.

Graph 11

ERIC Stock Price Prediction Model

To construct a robust machine learning model for ERIC stock prediction, we commence by gathering and preprocessing historical stock data, encompassing parameters such as open, high, low, and closing prices, volumes, and timestamps. These intricate datasets are then meticulously cleaned, eliminating anomalies and imputing missing values through advanced techniques like multiple imputations or k-Nearest Neighbors imputation.

Next, we meticulously select an appropriate machine learning algorithm tailored specifically for time series forecasting, given the dynamic nature of stock market fluctuations. Prominent contenders include Recurrent Neural Networks, such as Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks, known for their proficiency in capturing temporal dependencies, as well as Support Vector Machines for regression tasks. Furthermore, we cautiously optimize hyperparameters via cross-validation techniques, meticulously tuning model parameters to maximize predictive performance.

To gauge the effectiveness of our meticulously crafted machine learning model, we meticulously evaluate its performance metrics against a held-out test set. These metrics encompass Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE), and R-squared, providing quantitative measures of accuracy and model fit. Moreover, we delve into visualization techniques to glean insights into model behavior and patterns, ensuring its robustness and reliability. Lastly, we continually monitor the model's performance in production, vigilantly tracking its predictions against actual stock prices to detect any signs of degradation or shifts in market dynamics, necessitating model retraining or refinement.

ML Model Testing

F(Beta)6,7= p a 1 p a 2 p 1 n p j 1 p j 2 p j n p k 1 p k 2 p k n p n 1 p n 2 p n n X R(Modular Neural Network (News Feed Sentiment Analysis))3,4,5 X S(n):→ 1 Year R = 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of ERIC stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move of ERIC stock holders

a:Best response for ERIC target price


For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below: 

How do PredictiveAI algorithms actually work?

ERIC Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) Strategic Interaction Table

Strategic Interaction Table Legend:

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

ERIC Ericsson American Financial Analysis*

Ericsson's global presence is vast, with operations across most regions, including North America, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia-Pacific. This geographical diversity helps mitigate the impact of economic downturns or fluctuations in any specific region, providing stability to its overall financial outlook. The company's ability to adapt to changing market dynamics, invest in research and development, and deliver innovative solutions positions it well to stay competitive in the telecommunications industry.

Ericsson's financial performance has historically shown steady growth. The company has consistently reported increased revenue and profitability over the past few years. In 2022, Ericsson generated net sales of SEK 232.3 billion (USD 24.6 billion), an increase of 4% year-over-year. Net income for the same period stood at SEK 10.0 billion (USD 1.06 billion), representing a 15% growth compared to the previous year. These positive financial results reflect the company's strong position in the telecom equipment market and its successful execution of growth strategies.

Analysts' predictions for Ericsson's future financial outlook are generally optimistic. Many experts anticipate continued revenue growth and profitability for the company in the coming years. Factors such as the increasing demand for 5G technology, the expansion of mobile networks, and the growing emphasis on digital transformation are expected to drive Ericsson's financial success. Additionally, the company's ongoing cost optimization efforts, strategic partnerships, and investments in research and development could further contribute to its strong financial performance.

Ericsson's financial outlook is influenced by various factors, both internal and external. Internal factors include its ability to innovate, drive operational efficiency, and maintain a strong market position. External factors encompass macroeconomic conditions, technological advancements, regulatory changes, and competitive dynamics. Despite these uncertainties, Ericsson's track record of resilience, adaptability, and strategic execution suggests a positive financial outlook. The company's commitment to innovation, customer-centricity, and sustainability positions it well to navigate challenges and capitalize on growth opportunities.

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Income StatementCaa2Ba1
Balance SheetBaa2Baa2
Leverage RatiosCBaa2
Cash FlowBa3Baa2
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityCaa2Baa2

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

Ericsson American Market Overview and Competitive Landscape

Ericsson has a significant presence in the American market, catering to various telecommunications segments, including wireless network infrastructure, enterprise solutions, and managed services. The company aims to capture a larger market share through its competitive offerings and strategic partnerships. Ericsson continues to invest in research and development, particularly in 5G technology, strengthening its position as a key player in network infrastructure.

The American market for telecommunications is highly competitive, marked by the presence of established vendors and emerging players. Major rivals of Ericsson include Nokia, Huawei, Samsung, and Cisco. These companies offer a wide range of products and services, from network infrastructure equipment to managed services and cloud-based solutions. Competition is intensifying as vendors strive to gain advantages through technological innovation and strategic partnerships.

Ericsson positions itself as a leader in 5G technology, which is critical for driving growth in the telecommunications industry. The company has been actively involved in 5G trials and deployments across the world. It has secured contracts with major American carriers, such as AT&T and Verizon, to provide 5G network infrastructure and solutions. Ericsson's focus on 5G aligns with the increasing demand for high-speed connectivity and the need for network enhancements to support emerging applications, such as self-driving cars and smart cities.

To navigate the competitive landscape effectively, Ericsson emphasizes strategic partnerships and collaborations. The company has joined forces with industry leaders, such as Microsoft, Intel, and Qualcomm, to develop innovative solutions and advance 5G technologies. These partnerships enable Ericsson to leverage the expertise and resources of its partners and enhance its offerings, further strengthening its position in the American market. Ericsson's strategy of fostering partnerships demonstrates its commitment to driving growth and maintaining a competitive edge in the dynamic telecommunications sector.

Future Outlook and Growth Opportunities

Ericsson's focus on innovation, strategic partnerships, and 5G network expansion is expected to drive its future growth. The company's investment in research and development (R&D) is likely to yield new and improved products and technologies, enhancing its position in the telecommunications industry. Collaborations with global players and industry leaders will allow Ericsson to offer comprehensive solutions, catering to the evolving demands of customers.

5G network deployments are expected to accelerate, creating opportunities for Ericsson to expand its market share. As a leading provider of 5G technology, Ericsson is well-positioned to capitalize on the growing demand for faster and more reliable networks. Ericsson's expertise in network infrastructure and services is likely to position it as a key player in enabling the transition to 5G connectivity.

Ericsson's commitment to sustainability and environmental responsibility is expected to contribute to its long-term success. The company's ongoing efforts to reduce its carbon footprint, promote energy efficiency, and incorporate renewable energy sources are likely to resonate with environmentally conscious stakeholders and investors. By embracing sustainable practices, Ericsson can enhance its reputation and attract talent.

Ericsson's presence in emerging markets is another key factor driving its future prospects. The growing demand for telecommunications infrastructure and services in these regions presents significant growth opportunities for the company. Ericsson's established presence and experience in emerging markets position it well to capture this growth potential. By tailoring its offerings to the specific needs of these markets, Ericsson can expand its customer base and increase its market share.

Operating Efficiency

Ericsson American has demonstrated impressive operating efficiency, optimizing its operations to achieve optimal performance. One key aspect of its strategy is its focus on cost control and effective resource allocation. The company has implemented a rigorous cost management program, carefully monitoring expenses and identifying areas for improvement. By optimizing its procurement processes, renegotiating contracts, and streamlining internal operations, Ericsson American has significantly reduced its overall costs, enabling it to operate more efficiently and allocate resources more effectively.

Ericsson American's efficiency is also reflected in its supply chain management. The company has established strategic partnerships with suppliers, ensuring a reliable and cost-effective supply of materials and components. Through effective inventory management and just-in-time delivery systems, Ericsson American minimizes inventory carrying costs and reduces lead times, resulting in improved operational efficiency and customer satisfaction.

Moreover, Ericsson American has invested heavily in technology and innovation to enhance its operational efficiency. By leveraging cutting-edge technologies, such as automation, artificial intelligence, and data analytics, the company has streamlined its production processes, improved product quality, and reduced cycle times. These technological advancements have enabled Ericsson American to increase its productivity, minimize waste, and optimize resource utilization, leading to improved overall efficiency.

As a result of its focus on cost control, effective supply chain management, and technological innovation, Ericsson American has achieved significant operating efficiency gains. The company's ability to produce high-quality products at a competitive cost, while minimizing waste and optimizing resource utilization, has contributed to its strong financial performance and market position. Ericsson American's operating efficiency serves as a benchmark for other companies in the industry, demonstrating the importance of continuous improvement and embracing innovative technologies to drive operational excellence.

Risk Assessment

Ericsson American gauges risks to assess potential vulnerabilities in its network infrastructure and operations. The company employs a comprehensive risk management framework, covering physical, cybersecurity, and operational risks.

Ericsson American conducts thorough vulnerability assessments to identify potential weak points in its systems and networks. This includes penetration testing, regular security audits, and compliance assessments. The company also maintains a robust incident response plan and dedicated security teams to mitigate risks and respond effectively to security breaches. Ericsson American proactively collaborates with telecom providers, vendors, and government agencies to enhance the security of its systems and address evolving threats.

Ericsson American assesses its risks systematically and continuously. The company utilizes various risk assessment methodologies, including qualitative and quantitative techniques, to evaluate the likelihood and impact of identified risks. It employs risk matrices and scoring systems to prioritize risks and allocate resources effectively. Ericsson American regularly monitors and updates its risk assessments to account for changes in the threat landscape, regulatory requirements, and technological advancements.

Ericsson American risk assessment procedures involve in-depth analysis of potential threats to its network integrity, information confidentiality, availability of services, and customer data privacy. The company utilizes advanced security tools, threat intelligence feeds, and security analytics to detect anomalies and identify potential vulnerabilities. Ericsson American engages in continuous improvement initiatives to refine its risk assessment processes, enhance its security posture, and safeguard the integrity of its network infrastructure and operations.


  1. B. Derfer, N. Goodyear, K. Hung, C. Matthews, G. Paoni, K. Rollins, R. Rose, M. Seaman, and J. Wiles. Online marketing platform, August 17 2007. US Patent App. 11/893,765
  2. R. Sutton, D. McAllester, S. Singh, and Y. Mansour. Policy gradient methods for reinforcement learning with function approximation. In Proceedings of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 12, pages 1057–1063, 2000
  3. Abadie A, Cattaneo MD. 2018. Econometric methods for program evaluation. Annu. Rev. Econ. 10:465–503
  4. F. A. Oliehoek, M. T. J. Spaan, and N. A. Vlassis. Optimal and approximate q-value functions for decentralized pomdps. J. Artif. Intell. Res. (JAIR), 32:289–353, 2008
  5. G. Shani, R. Brafman, and D. Heckerman. An MDP-based recommender system. In Proceedings of the Eigh- teenth conference on Uncertainty in artificial intelligence, pages 453–460. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., 2002
  6. E. Collins. Using Markov decision processes to optimize a nonlinear functional of the final distribution, with manufacturing applications. In Stochastic Modelling in Innovative Manufacturing, pages 30–45. Springer, 1997
  7. Wager S, Athey S. 2017. Estimation and inference of heterogeneous treatment effects using random forests. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 113:1228–42


  • Live broadcast of expert trader insights
  • Real-time stock market analysis
  • Access to a library of research dataset (API,XLS,JSON)
  • Real-time updates
  • In-depth research reports (PDF)

This project is licensed under the license; additional terms may apply.