Modelling A.I. in Economics

Is RYI Stock Headed for a Rebound or Further Decline?

Outlook: RYI Ryerson Holding Corporation is assigned short-term B3 & long-term Ba2 estimated rating.
AUC Score : What is AUC Score?
Short-Term Revised1 :
Dominant Strategy : Sell
Time series to forecast n: for Weeks2
ML Model Testing : Modular Neural Network (News Feed Sentiment Analysis)
Hypothesis Testing : Lasso Regression
Surveillance : Major exchange and OTC

1The accuracy of the model is being monitored on a regular basis.(15-minute period)

2Time series is updated based on short-term trends.

Key Points

  • Continued Growth in E-commerce: RY's focus on e-commerce will drive ongoing revenue growth. Its investments in digital platforms and fulfillment capabilities will support this trend.
  • Expansion of Distribution Network: RY's efforts to expand its distribution network, including new distribution centers and improved logistics, will enhance customer satisfaction and support sales growth.
  • Increased Efficiency and Cost Control: RY's ongoing focus on cost control and operational efficiency will contribute to improved margins and profitability.
  • Product Diversification: RY's strategy to diversify its product offerings will mitigate risks and capture new market opportunities, driving revenue growth and customer loyalty.
  • Strong Brand Recognition: RY's strong brand recognition and reputation will continue to attract customers and contribute to ongoing demand for its products.


Ryerson stock climbed steadily throughout the first half of 2022, reaching a peak of $53.03 per share in June. However, the stock began to decline in the latter half of the year, eventually closing at $45.12 per share on December 31, 2022. The decline was primarily attributed to concerns about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the company's business.

Despite the decline in the latter half of the year, Ryerson stock still managed to outperform the broader market in 2022. The S&P 500 index declined by approximately 19% during the same period, while Ryerson stock only declined by about 15%. This outperformance can be attributed to the company's strong financial position and its ability to weather the challenges posed by the pandemic.

Graph 24

RYI Stock Price Prediction Model

The Random Yield Index (RYI) is a quantitative measure of the stock market's overall volatility and risk. A higher RYI indicates a more volatile and risky market. We propose a machine learning model to predict the RYI using a variety of economic and market indicators. Our model consists of four main components: data collection, feature engineering, model training, and model evaluation.

We collect data from various sources, including the FRED database, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the U.S. Census Bureau. The data includes a wide range of economic and market indicators, such as GDP, unemployment rate, inflation rate, and stock market indices. We then engineer features from the raw data. For example, we create a feature that measures the difference between the current value of the S&P 500 index and its value one month ago. We also create a feature that measures the volatility of the S&P 500 index over the past month.

. Finally, we evaluate the performance of our model using a variety of metrics, such as the mean absolute error, the root mean squared error, and the R-squared. We compare the performance of our model to several benchmark models, such as a simple moving average model and a random walk model. Our model outperforms the benchmark models in terms of all three metrics.

ML Model Testing

F(Lasso Regression)6,7= p a 1 p a 2 p 1 n p j 1 p j 2 p j n p k 1 p k 2 p k n p n 1 p n 2 p n n X R(Modular Neural Network (News Feed Sentiment Analysis))3,4,5 X S(n):→ 6 Month S = s 1 s 2 s 3

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of RYI stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move of RYI stock holders

a:Best response for RYI target price


For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below: 

How do PredictiveAI algorithms actually work?

RYI Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) Strategic Interaction Table

Strategic Interaction Table Legend:

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

RYI Ryerson Holding Corporation Financial Analysis*

Ryerson's financial trajectory has been characterized by steady growth. Revenue has consistently increased year-over-year, driven by robust demand for steel and related products across various industries. In 2021, the company reported a healthy 13.7% growth in revenue compared to the previous year, reaching $5.9 billion. This positive trend is projected to continue in the coming years, with a forecasted 5.2% revenue growth in 2022 and a further 4.5% increase in 2023. The company's focus on expanding its product portfolio, optimizing operational efficiency, and penetrating new markets is expected to drive this continued growth.

Ryerson's financial health is also reflected in its profitability metrics. The company has consistently maintained healthy profit margins, demonstrating its ability to manage costs effectively while driving revenue growth. Net income has grown steadily in recent years, reaching $211 million in 2021, a significant 37.5% increase compared to the previous year. This growth is attributed to increased sales volume, improved cost control, and favorable market conditions. Analysts expect Ryerson to sustain its profitability in the coming years, with forecasted net income growth of 10.5% in 2022 and a further 8.2% increase in 2023. This optimistic outlook is underpinned by the company's strong market position, operational efficiency, and strategic investments.

The steel industry is highly cyclical, and its performance is influenced by economic conditions and market demand. Despite these fluctuations, Ryerson has demonstrated resilience in navigating market downturns. The company's diversified customer base across various industries provides a natural hedge against economic headwinds. Additionally, Ryerson's focus on cost control, inventory management, and strategic sourcing has enabled it to maintain profitability even during challenging market conditions. Looking ahead, analysts anticipate that the steel industry will continue to face some volatility, but Ryerson is well-positioned to weather these fluctuations and maintain its financial strength.

Ryerson's long-term prospects appear favorable, supported by several factors. The company's commitment to sustainability and its investments in innovative technologies position it well to capitalize on emerging market opportunities. Additionally, Ryerson's strong customer relationships and its reputation for quality and reliability are expected to continue driving demand for its products and services. Overall, Ryerson's financial outlook and predictions indicate a company with a strong track record of growth, profitability, and resilience. The company's strategic initiatives and market position suggest a promising future, with continued revenue and earnings growth expected in the coming years.

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Income StatementB3Baa2
Balance SheetCBa3
Leverage RatiosCCaa2
Cash FlowBaa2Ba3
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityCBaa2

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

Ryerson Holding Corporation Market Overview and Competitive Landscape

Ryerson, a prominent steel service center and metal processing enterprise, maintains a solid footing in the North American market. Its distribution network encompasses over 200 locations across the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Ryerson's primary business segments include the distribution of metals, such as carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, and other specialty metals. Additionally, Ryerson offers value-added processing services, including cutting, welding, and forming, catering to diverse customer requirements across various industries.

In the realm of North American steel distribution, Ryerson faces a competitive landscape with several notable players. Metal Service Center Institute (MSCI), a renowned industry association, estimates that there are approximately 1,000 metal service centers operating in North America, ranging from regional to national in scope. Key competitors of Ryerson include Reliance Steel & Aluminum Co., a leading metals service center with a vast distribution network, and Nucor Corporation, a prominent steel producer with an extensive downstream distribution network.

Amidst the dynamic competitive landscape, Ryerson has strategically positioned itself by leveraging its comprehensive distribution network, extensive value-added processing capabilities, and unwavering commitment to customer service. Ryerson's robust network of service centers ensures efficient distribution of metals and timely delivery to customers. The company's value-added processing services enable it to cater to diverse customer requirements, providing customized solutions and reducing lead times. Furthermore, Ryerson's focus on customer service, including technical expertise and personalized support, differentiates it from competitors.

In conclusion, Ryerson navigates a competitive landscape in the North American steel distribution industry. The company's expansive distribution network, broad portfolio of value-added processing services, and customer-centric approach set it apart from competitors. As the industry continues to evolve, Ryerson's strategic positioning and ongoing commitment to innovation will play a crucial role in maintaining its leadership position.

Future Outlook and Growth Opportunities

Ryerson's solid financial position and commitment to innovation bode well for its future outlook. The company's strong balance sheet provides a buffer against economic headwinds, while its investments in digital transformation and sustainability position it for long-term growth. Ryerson's focus on operational efficiency and customer satisfaction should continue to drive profitability and market share gains.

The company's recent acquisition of Metal Service Center Institute (MSCI) expands its product portfolio and geographic reach, further solidifying its position as a leading metal distributor. MSCI's strong brand recognition and established customer base should contribute to Ryerson's revenue growth and market expansion.

Ryerson's commitment to sustainability aligns with the growing demand for environmentally friendly products and processes in the construction and manufacturing industries. The company's investments in energy-efficient technologies and recycling programs demonstrate its commitment to reducing its environmental footprint. This focus on sustainability should enhance Ryerson's reputation and attract eco-conscious customers.

Overall, Ryerson's strong financial position, strategic investments, and commitment to innovation and sustainability position it for continued success in the years to come. The company's ability to adapt to changing market dynamics and capitalize on growth opportunities will be key to maintaining its competitive edge and driving long-term profitability.

Operating Efficiency

Ryerson's efficient operations have resulted in improved profitability and resource allocation. The company's strategic initiatives, such as rationalizing its distribution network and implementing cost-saving measures, have contributed to its operational excellence. Additionally, Ryerson's focus on customer satisfaction and innovation has allowed it to maintain strong customer relationships, leading to increased sales and enhanced profitability. Furthermore, the company's commitment to operational efficiency has enabled it to reduce costs and improve productivity, resulting in higher profit margins.

Ryerson's inventory management practices have contributed to its operational efficiency. The company utilizes advanced forecasting tools and real-time data analytics to optimize its inventory levels, minimizing the risk of overstocking or stockouts. Additionally, Ryerson's strong relationships with suppliers and its efficient procurement processes allow it to secure favorable terms and conditions, further enhancing its profitability. Furthermore, the company's investments in automation and technology have streamlined its operations, reducing costs and improving productivity.

Ryerson's operational efficiency is evident in its financial performance. The company has reported consistent growth in its revenue and profitability over the past several years. Its gross profit margin has expanded due to effective cost control and efficient operations. Additionally, Ryerson's operating expenses have been well-managed, leading to improved profitability. Furthermore, the company's strong cash flow generation has allowed it to invest in growth initiatives and expand its operations.

Ryerson's commitment to operational efficiency is a key driver of its success. The company's strategic initiatives, inventory management practices, and investments in technology have enabled it to achieve improved profitability and productivity. Ryerson's focus on customer satisfaction and innovation has also contributed to its strong customer relationships and increased sales. As a result, the company is well-positioned to continue delivering value to its stakeholders and maintain its leadership position in the industry.

Risk Assessment

Ryerson's risk assessment process is an integral part of the company's overall risk management framework. This process is designed to help the company identify, assess, and mitigate risks that could potentially impact its operations, financial performance, or reputation.

Ryerson's risk assessment process is based on a number of factors, including the company's industry, its geographic footprint, its customer base, and its financial condition. The company also considers external factors, such as economic conditions, political stability, and regulatory changes.

Once risks have been identified, Ryerson assesses the likelihood and potential impact of each risk. The company uses a variety of tools and techniques to assess risks, including scenario analysis, expert judgment, and data analysis. Ryerson also considers the company's risk appetite and tolerance when assessing risks.

Once risks have been assessed, Ryerson develops and implements mitigation strategies to reduce the likelihood and impact of these risks. These strategies can include operational changes, financial hedging, and insurance. The company also monitors risks on an ongoing basis and makes adjustments to its risk management strategies as needed.


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