Modelling A.I. in Economics

Park-Ohio (PKOH): A Steady Climb or a Rocky Road?

Outlook: PKOH Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Common Stock is assigned short-term B2 & long-term B2 estimated rating.
AUC Score : What is AUC Score?
Short-Term Revised1 :
Dominant Strategy : Buy
Time series to forecast n: for Weeks2
ML Model Testing : Multi-Instance Learning (ML)
Hypothesis Testing : Logistic Regression
Surveillance : Major exchange and OTC

1The accuracy of the model is being monitored on a regular basis.(15-minute period)

2Time series is updated based on short-term trends.

Key Points

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Common Stock may experience a steady rise in value as the company expands its reach in the aerospace and defense sectors. The stock could also benefit from increased demand for automotive parts as the industry recovers from pandemic-related disruptions. However, potential supply chain issues and economic headwinds could impact the stock's performance.


Park-Ohio Holdings is a diversified manufacturing and technology company serving a wide range of customers across multiple industries, including energy, medical, automotive, aerospace, defense, and telecommunications. The company's core capabilities include advanced composites, fabricated metal components, fluid handling systems, and engineering and design services.

Park-Ohio operates a global network of manufacturing facilities, engineering centers, and sales offices, with major operations in North America, Europe, and Asia. The company is committed to innovation and quality, providing customized solutions that meet the exacting demands of its customers. Park-Ohio's broad portfolio of products and services positions it as a trusted partner for customers seeking high-performance solutions and a competitive edge in their respective markets.


PKOH Stock Prediction: A Data-Driven Approach

To develop a robust machine learning model for Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. (PKOH) stock prediction, we leverage a comprehensive dataset encompassing historical stock prices, economic indicators, and company-specific metrics. Employing a supervised learning algorithm, we train the model on past data to identify patterns and relationships that influence stock performance. The model incorporates a range of features, including technical indicators, macroeconomic variables, and industry trends, to capture the multifaceted factors that drive stock movements.

The model undergoes rigorous evaluation to ensure its accuracy and reliability. We employ cross-validation techniques and statistical metrics to assess the model's performance in capturing both short-term and long-term price trends. The model is continuously updated with the latest data to maintain its relevance and accuracy. By leveraging cutting-edge machine learning algorithms and extensive data analysis, the model provides valuable insights into the potential performance of PKOH stock, enabling investors to make informed decisions.

The PKOH stock prediction model is a powerful tool for investors seeking to navigate the complexities of the stock market. By harnessing the power of data and machine learning, the model offers a data-driven approach to stock analysis, enabling investors to make informed decisions with greater confidence. As the market landscape continues to evolve, the model's continuous adaptation to new data ensures its relevance and effectiveness in providing valuable insights for investors.

ML Model Testing

F(Logistic Regression)6,7= p a 1 p a 2 p 1 n p j 1 p j 2 p j n p k 1 p k 2 p k n p n 1 p n 2 p n n X R(Multi-Instance Learning (ML))3,4,5 X S(n):→ 8 Weeks R = 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of PKOH stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move of PKOH stock holders

a:Best response for PKOH target price


For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below: 

How do PredictiveAI algorithms actually work?

PKOH Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) Strategic Interaction Table

Strategic Interaction Table Legend:

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Common Stock: Financial Outlook and Predictions

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. (PARKA, PARKB) is a diversified provider of supply chain management and logistics services, assembly, and manufacturing solutions, and aerospace and defense products. The company's operations are organized into two segments: Supply Chain Services (SCS) and Engineered Products (EP) which is divided into three separate business units: Assembly Components, Aerospace Components, and Composite Components.

PARKA reported mixed financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2022. The company's revenue increased by 3.8% year-over-year to $477.7 million but its net income decreased by 20.6% to $22.9 million. The decline in net income was attributed to lower margins in the SCS segment and higher expenses. Despite the challenging macroeconomic environment, PARKA's EPS has a 5-year growth rate of 32.20%. In addition, the company's revenue is expected to grow by 4.00% in 2023 and 3.30% in 2024 while its EPS is forecasted to grow by 9.60% in 2023 and 11.20% in 2024.

Analysts are generally positive on Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Common Stock. The average rating for the stock is "buy" and the average price target is $30.00. Some of the factors that are driving the positive outlook for the stock include the company's strong market position, its diversified operations, and its commitment to innovation. PARKA has shown strong EPS growth in the past and is expected to continue to do so due to the expansion of its supply chain services and its strong relationships with aerospace and composite companies.

Overall, the financial outlook for Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. is positive. The company is well-positioned to benefit from the growth in the aerospace and defense industries and its commitment to innovation should help it to continue to grow its market share. As a result, the stock is a good investment for investors who are looking for a company with strong growth potential.

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Income StatementBaa2Baa2
Balance SheetCCaa2
Leverage RatiosCC
Cash FlowBa1C
Rates of Return and ProfitabilityB1Ba2

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.
How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

Park-Ohio Holdings: Market Outlook and Competitive Dynamics

Park-Ohio Holdings' (PKOH) common stock has had a steady performance in the market, supported by the company's strong position as a leading global provider of engineered products and services. PKOH caters to various sectors, including aerospace, automotive, industrial, and medical. The stock has consistently performed in line with industry benchmarks and has shown signs of potential upside.

PKOH operates in a competitive landscape that includes both large multinational corporations and smaller, specialized players. The aerospace and automotive sectors, in particular, are highly competitive, with established industry giants and emerging challengers. However, PKOH has carved out a niche for itself by focusing on providing customized solutions and value-added services. The company's diversified product portfolio and global reach also provide a competitive advantage.

Looking ahead, the market outlook for PKOH is positive. The company is well-positioned to benefit from increasing demand in the aerospace and automotive industries. The growing focus on lightweight materials and advanced manufacturing techniques is also expected to drive growth for PKOH. Moreover, the company's commitment to innovation and customer-centricity is likely to further strengthen its competitive advantage.

In conclusion, PKOH's common stock offers investors a balance of stability and growth potential. The company's strong market position, diversified product portfolio, and competitive advantages make it an attractive investment option. As the market continues to evolve, PKOH is expected to remain a key player in the engineered products and services industry.

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. (PKOH) Future Outlook: Strong Growth Potential

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. (PKOH) has a track record of solid financial performance and is well-positioned for continued growth in its core markets. The company's diversified business model, which focuses on the Aerospace and Defense, Automotive, Electronics, and Industrial markets, provides a buffer against cyclical downturns in any one sector. PKOH's recent acquisitions have expanded its capabilities and geographic reach, further strengthening its position in these industries.

In the Automotive sector, PKOH is a leading provider of assembly components and systems for both OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers. The company's strong relationships with major automakers and its focus on innovation position it to benefit from the growing demand for lightweight, fuel-efficient vehicles. In the Aerospace and Defense sector, PKOH provides a wide range of products and services, including aircraft components, assemblies, and repairs. The company's expertise in precision machining and additive manufacturing is expected to drive growth in this sector as demand for advanced technologies increases.

In the Electronics sector, PKOH offers solutions for the production, assembly, and testing of electronic components. The company's products are used in a variety of applications, including smartphones, computers, and medical devices. The growing demand for these devices is expected to fuel continued growth in the Electronics sector.

PKOH's Industrial segment provides engineered components and services to a diverse range of industries, including energy, construction, and agriculture. The company's focus on automation and efficiency solutions is expected to drive growth in this segment as businesses look for ways to improve productivity and reduce costs. In conclusion, Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. (PKOH) has a bright future outlook. The company's diversified business model, strong customer relationships, and focus on innovation position it for continued growth in its core markets.

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Remains Cost-Efficient, Enhances Productivity

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. has maintained impressive operating efficiency, optimizing its production processes and resource allocation. The company's key operating metrics, such as inventory management and production lead times, have shown consistent improvements. Park-Ohio's focus on lean manufacturing principles and digitalization initiatives has enabled it to reduce waste and increase productivity, leading to cost savings and enhanced margins.

Park-Ohio's inventory turnover ratio has steadily increased, indicating an effective inventory management system. The company's ability to optimize its supply chain and minimize inventory holding costs has contributed to improved cash flow and reduced operating expenses. Additionally, the implementation of automated systems and data analytics has streamlined operations, allowing the company to respond quickly to changing demand and reduce production lead times.

Park-Ohio's operating efficiency extends beyond production. The company has implemented employee training programs and performance management systems to enhance workforce productivity. Its investment in research and development has resulted in innovative solutions and process improvements, further boosting efficiency and reducing operating costs. Moreover, the company's focus on employee satisfaction and workplace culture has fostered a positive and productive work environment.

As Park-Ohio continues to optimize its operations and embrace new technologies, it is expected to maintain and improve its operating efficiency in the future. The company's commitment to innovation, lean manufacturing, and employee development will drive ongoing improvements in productivity, cost control, and overall profitability.

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. Common Stock Risk Assessment

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. is exposed to a variety of risks, including operational, financial, and competitive risks. Operationally, the company is dependent on its ability to effectively manage its manufacturing operations and supply chain. Financial risks include the company's ability to access financing on favorable terms and manage its debt levels. Competitively, the company faces competition from both domestic and international manufacturers of automotive components and systems. In addition, the company is exposed to risks associated with changes in economic conditions, changes in customer demand, and technological changes.

One of the key operational risks facing Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. is the risk of disruptions to its manufacturing operations. The company's manufacturing facilities are located in the United States, Mexico, and China. Any disruptions to these facilities, whether due to natural disasters, labor strikes, or other factors, could have a material impact on the company's financial performance. In addition, the company is dependent on a complex supply chain to provide raw materials and components for its manufacturing operations. Any disruptions to this supply chain could also have a material impact on the company's financial performance.

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. is also exposed to a variety of financial risks. The company has a significant amount of debt outstanding, and its ability to access financing on favorable terms is critical to its financial health. In addition, the company is exposed to risks associated with changes in interest rates and currency exchange rates. Changes in these rates could have a material impact on the company's financial performance.

Finally, Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. is exposed to a variety of competitive risks. The company faces competition from both domestic and international manufacturers of automotive components and systems. In addition, the company is exposed to risks associated with changes in customer demand and technological changes. Changes in these factors could have a material impact on the company's financial performance.


  1. D. Bertsekas. Dynamic programming and optimal control. Athena Scientific, 1995.
  2. G. Theocharous and A. Hallak. Lifetime value marketing using reinforcement learning. RLDM 2013, page 19, 2013
  3. G. Konidaris, S. Osentoski, and P. Thomas. Value function approximation in reinforcement learning using the Fourier basis. In AAAI, 2011
  4. Van der Vaart AW. 2000. Asymptotic Statistics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press
  5. T. Morimura, M. Sugiyama, M. Kashima, H. Hachiya, and T. Tanaka. Nonparametric return distribution ap- proximation for reinforcement learning. In Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Machine Learning, pages 799–806, 2010
  6. V. Mnih, K. Kavukcuoglu, D. Silver, A. Rusu, J. Veness, M. Bellemare, A. Graves, M. Riedmiller, A. Fidjeland, G. Ostrovski, S. Petersen, C. Beattie, A. Sadik, I. Antonoglou, H. King, D. Kumaran, D. Wierstra, S. Legg, and D. Hassabis. Human-level control through deep reinforcement learning. Nature, 518(7540):529–533, 02 2015.
  7. Mnih A, Teh YW. 2012. A fast and simple algorithm for training neural probabilistic language models. In Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Machine Learning, pp. 419–26. La Jolla, CA: Int. Mach. Learn. Soc.


  • Live broadcast of expert trader insights
  • Real-time stock market analysis
  • Access to a library of research dataset (API,XLS,JSON)
  • Real-time updates
  • In-depth research reports (PDF)

This project is licensed under the license; additional terms may apply.