This study aims to predict the direction of stock prices by integrating time-varying effective transfer entropy (ETE) and various machine learning algorithms. At first, we explore that the ETE based on 3 and 6 months moving windows can be regarded as the market explanatory variable by analyzing the association between the financial crises and Granger-causal relationships among the stocks.** We evaluate Rail Vikas Nigam Limited prediction models with Transfer Learning (ML) and Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the NSE RVNL stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+6 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold NSE RVNL stock.**

**NSE RVNL, Rail Vikas Nigam Limited, stock forecast, machine learning based prediction, risk rating, buy-sell behaviour, stock analysis, target price analysis, options and futures.**

*Keywords:*## Key Points

- Market Risk
- Market Risk
- Trading Interaction

## NSE RVNL Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

Prediction of future movement of stock prices has been a subject matter of many research work. In this work, we propose a hybrid approach for stock price prediction using machine learning and deep learning-based methods. We consider Rail Vikas Nigam Limited Stock Decision Process with Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test where A is the set of discrete actions of NSE RVNL stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Transfer Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+6 month) $\sum _{i=1}^{n}\left({r}_{i}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of NSE RVNL stock

j:Nash equilibria

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## NSE RVNL Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+6 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**NSE RVNL Rail Vikas Nigam Limited

**Time series to forecast n: 28 Sep 2022**for (n+6 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+6 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold NSE RVNL stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Conclusions

Rail Vikas Nigam Limited assigned short-term B2 & long-term Ba3 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Transfer Learning (ML) with Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the NSE RVNL stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+6 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold NSE RVNL stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for NSE RVNL Stock Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | B2 | Ba3 |

Operational Risk | 72 | 83 |

Market Risk | 41 | 36 |

Technical Analysis | 50 | 80 |

Fundamental Analysis | 53 | 82 |

Risk Unsystematic | 61 | 45 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Hastie T, Tibshirani R, Friedman J. 2009. The Elements of Statistical Learning. Berlin: Springer
- Clements, M. P. D. F. Hendry (1995), "Forecasting in cointegrated systems," Journal of Applied Econometrics, 10, 127–146.
- R. Rockafellar and S. Uryasev. Conditional value-at-risk for general loss distributions. Journal of Banking and Finance, 26(7):1443 – 1471, 2002
- Bengio Y, Ducharme R, Vincent P, Janvin C. 2003. A neural probabilistic language model. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 3:1137–55
- S. Devlin, L. Yliniemi, D. Kudenko, and K. Tumer. Potential-based difference rewards for multiagent reinforcement learning. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, May 2014
- V. Borkar. An actor-critic algorithm for constrained Markov decision processes. Systems & Control Letters, 54(3):207–213, 2005.
- Clements, M. P. D. F. Hendry (1996), "Intercept corrections and structural change," Journal of Applied Econometrics, 11, 475–494.

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for NSE RVNL stock?A: NSE RVNL stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Transfer Learning (ML) and Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test

Q: Is NSE RVNL stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold NSE RVNL Stock.

Q: Is Rail Vikas Nigam Limited stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Rail Vikas Nigam Limited is Hold and assigned short-term B2 & long-term Ba3 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of NSE RVNL stock?

A: The consensus rating for NSE RVNL is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for NSE RVNL stock?

A: The prediction period for NSE RVNL is (n+6 month)