Can we predict stock market using machine learning? (BWSN Stock Forecast)

Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 Research Report

Summary

Stock market forecasting is considered to be a challenging topic among time series forecasting. This study proposes a novel two-stage ensemble machine learning model named SVR-ENANFIS for stock price prediction by combining features of support vector regression (SVR) and ensemble adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ENANFIS). We evaluate Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 prediction models with Modular Neural Network (Market Volatility Analysis) and Spearman Correlation1,2,3,4 and conclude that the BWSN stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell BWSN stock.

Key Points

  1. Trading Interaction
  2. Can machine learning predict?
  3. Can statistics predict the future?

BWSN Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 Stock Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Market Volatility Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of BWSN stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.1,2,3,4


F(Spearman Correlation)5,6,7= p a 1 p a 2 p 1 n p j 1 p j 2 p j n p k 1 p k 2 p k n p n 1 p n 2 p n n X R(Modular Neural Network (Market Volatility Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+4 weeks) e x rx

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of BWSN stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

 

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below: 

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

BWSN Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+4 weeks)

Sample Set: Neural Network
Stock/Index: BWSN Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026
Time series to forecast n: 23 Nov 2022 for (n+4 weeks)

According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell BWSN stock.

X axis: *Likelihood% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

Y axis: *Potential Impact% (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%

Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026

  1. When an entity designates a financial liability as at fair value through profit or loss, it must determine whether presenting in other comprehensive income the effects of changes in the liability's credit risk would create or enlarge an accounting mismatch in profit or loss. An accounting mismatch would be created or enlarged if presenting the effects of changes in the liability's credit risk in other comprehensive income would result in a greater mismatch in profit or loss than if those amounts were presented in profit or loss
  2. To the extent that a transfer of a financial asset does not qualify for derecognition, the transferor's contractual rights or obligations related to the transfer are not accounted for separately as derivatives if recognising both the derivative and either the transferred asset or the liability arising from the transfer would result in recognising the same rights or obligations twice. For example, a call option retained by the transferor may prevent a transfer of financial assets from being accounted for as a sale. In that case, the call option is not separately recognised as a derivative asset.
  3. An entity that first applies these amendments after it first applies this Standard shall apply paragraphs 7.2.32–7.2.34. The entity shall also apply the other transition requirements in this Standard necessary for applying these amendments. For that purpose, references to the date of initial application shall be read as referring to the beginning of the reporting period in which an entity first applies these amendments (date of initial application of these amendments).
  4. Changes in market conditions that give rise to market risk include changes in a benchmark interest rate, the price of another entity's financial instrument, a commodity price, a foreign exchange rate or an index of prices or rates.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

Conclusions

Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 assigned short-term B2 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating. We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Volatility Analysis) with Spearman Correlation1,2,3,4 and conclude that the BWSN stock is predictable in the short/long term. According to price forecasts for (n+4 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell BWSN stock.

Financial State Forecast for BWSN Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 Stock Options & Futures

Rating Short-Term Long-Term Senior
Outlook*B2B1
Operational Risk 4477
Market Risk6532
Technical Analysis3473
Fundamental Analysis4871
Risk Unsystematic7149

Prediction Confidence Score

Trust metric by Neural Network: 77 out of 100 with 804 signals.

References

  1. Swaminathan A, Joachims T. 2015. Batch learning from logged bandit feedback through counterfactual risk minimization. J. Mach. Learn. Res. 16:1731–55
  2. S. Devlin, L. Yliniemi, D. Kudenko, and K. Tumer. Potential-based difference rewards for multiagent reinforcement learning. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, May 2014
  3. Bessler, D. A. R. A. Babula, (1987), "Forecasting wheat exports: Do exchange rates matter?" Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 5, 397–406.
  4. Hoerl AE, Kennard RW. 1970. Ridge regression: biased estimation for nonorthogonal problems. Technometrics 12:55–67
  5. Friedman JH. 2002. Stochastic gradient boosting. Comput. Stat. Data Anal. 38:367–78
  6. Hornik K, Stinchcombe M, White H. 1989. Multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators. Neural Netw. 2:359–66
  7. D. Bertsekas. Nonlinear programming. Athena Scientific, 1999.
Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: What is the prediction methodology for BWSN stock?
A: BWSN stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Market Volatility Analysis) and Spearman Correlation
Q: Is BWSN stock a buy or sell?
A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell BWSN Stock.
Q: Is Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 stock a good investment?
A: The consensus rating for Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc. 8.125% Senior Notes due 2026 is Sell and assigned short-term B2 & long-term B1 forecasted stock rating.
Q: What is the consensus rating of BWSN stock?
A: The consensus rating for BWSN is Sell.
Q: What is the prediction period for BWSN stock?
A: The prediction period for BWSN is (n+4 weeks)

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