**Outlook:**Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba2 forecasted stock rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**Sell

**Time series to forecast n: 06 Dec 2022**for (n+3 month)

**Methodology :**Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML)

## Abstract

The research reported in the paper focuses on the stock market prediction problem, the main aim being the development of a methodology to forecast the stock closing price. The methodology is based on some novel variable selection methods and an analysis of neural network and support vector machines based prediction models. Also, a hybrid approach which combines the use of the variables derived from technical and fundamental analysis of stock market indicators in order to improve prediction results of the proposed approaches is reported in this paper. (Ampomah, E.K., Nyame, G., Qin, Z., Addo, P.C., Gyamfi, E.O. and Gyan, M., 2021. Stock market prediction with gaussian naïve bayes machine learning algorithm. Informatica, 45(2).)** We evaluate Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant prediction models with Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML) and Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the CLVRW stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell CLVRW stock.**

## Key Points

- Can statistics predict the future?
- How do you know when a stock will go up or down?
- Technical Analysis with Algorithmic Trading

## CLVRW Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant Decision Process with Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of CLVRW stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+3 month) $\begin{array}{l}\int {e}^{x}\mathrm{rx}\end{array}$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of CLVRW stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## CLVRW Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+3 month)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**CLVRW Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant

**Time series to forecast n: 06 Dec 2022**for (n+3 month)

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell CLVRW stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant

- The significance of a change in the credit risk since initial recognition depends on the risk of a default occurring as at initial recognition. Thus, a given change, in absolute terms, in the risk of a default occurring will be more significant for a financial instrument with a lower initial risk of a default occurring compared to a financial instrument with a higher initial risk of a default occurring.
- An entity shall assess whether contractual cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding for the currency in which the financial asset is denominated.
- For the purpose of this Standard, reasonable and supportable information is that which is reasonably available at the reporting date without undue cost or effort, including information about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions. Information that is available for financial reporting purposes is considered to be available without undue cost or effort.
- A hedge of a firm commitment (for example, a hedge of the change in fuel price relating to an unrecognised contractual commitment by an electric utility to purchase fuel at a fixed price) is a hedge of an exposure to a change in fair value. Accordingly, such a hedge is a fair value hedge. However, in accordance with paragraph 6.5.4, a hedge of the foreign currency risk of a firm commitment could alternatively be accounted for as a cash flow hedge.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba2 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML) with Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the CLVRW stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+3 month) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell CLVRW stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for CLVRW Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba2 |

Operational Risk | 30 | 66 |

Market Risk | 88 | 76 |

Technical Analysis | 83 | 90 |

Fundamental Analysis | 77 | 32 |

Risk Unsystematic | 79 | 77 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- Çetinkaya, A., Zhang, Y.Z., Hao, Y.M. and Ma, X.Y., Tempur Sealy Stock Forecast & Analysis. AC Investment Research Journal, 101(3).
- R. Howard and J. Matheson. Risk sensitive Markov decision processes. Management Science, 18(7):356– 369, 1972
- S. Proper and K. Tumer. Modeling difference rewards for multiagent learning (extended abstract). In Proceedings of the Eleventh International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, Valencia, Spain, June 2012
- Vapnik V. 2013. The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory. Berlin: Springer
- Harris ZS. 1954. Distributional structure. Word 10:146–62
- Y. Chow and M. Ghavamzadeh. Algorithms for CVaR optimization in MDPs. In Advances in Neural Infor- mation Processing Systems, pages 3509–3517, 2014.
- R. Howard and J. Matheson. Risk sensitive Markov decision processes. Management Science, 18(7):356– 369, 1972

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for CLVRW stock?A: CLVRW stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Reinforcement Machine Learning (ML) and Wilcoxon Sign-Rank Test

Q: Is CLVRW stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Sell CLVRW Stock.

Q: Is Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Clever Leaves Holdings Inc. Warrant is Sell and assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba2 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of CLVRW stock?

A: The consensus rating for CLVRW is Sell.

Q: What is the prediction period for CLVRW stock?

A: The prediction period for CLVRW is (n+3 month)

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