**Outlook:**Ballard Power Systems Inc. is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

**Dominant Strategy :**SellBuy

**Time series to forecast n: 11 May 2023**for (n+8 weeks)

**Methodology :**Statistical Inference (ML)

## Abstract

Ballard Power Systems Inc. prediction model is evaluated with Statistical Inference (ML) and Multiple Regression^{1,2,3,4}and it is concluded that the BLDP:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term.

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: SellBuy**

## Key Points

- Can stock prices be predicted?
- What are the most successful trading algorithms?
- Technical Analysis with Algorithmic Trading

## BLDP:TSX Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider Ballard Power Systems Inc. Decision Process with Statistical Inference (ML) where A is the set of discrete actions of BLDP:TSX stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Multiple Regression)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Statistical Inference (ML)) X S(n):→ (n+8 weeks) $\overrightarrow{R}=\left({r}_{1},{r}_{2},{r}_{3}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of BLDP:TSX stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

For further technical information as per how our model work we invite you to visit the article below:

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## BLDP:TSX Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+8 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**BLDP:TSX Ballard Power Systems Inc.

**Time series to forecast n: 11 May 2023**for (n+8 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: SellBuy**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Grey to Black): *Technical Analysis%**

## IFRS Reconciliation Adjustments for Ballard Power Systems Inc.

- Adjusting the hedge ratio by decreasing the volume of the hedging instrument does not affect how the changes in the value of the hedged item are measured. The measurement of the changes in the fair value of the hedging instrument related to the volume that continues to be designated also remains unaffected. However, from the date of rebalancing, the volume by which the hedging instrument was decreased is no longer part of the hedging relationship. For example, if an entity originally hedged the price risk of a commodity using a derivative volume of 100 tonnes as the hedging instrument and reduces that volume by 10 tonnes on rebalancing, a nominal amount of 90 tonnes of the hedging instrument volume would remain (see paragraph B6.5.16 for the consequences for the derivative volume (ie the 10 tonnes) that is no longer a part of the hedging relationship).
- For hedges other than hedges of foreign currency risk, when an entity designates a non-derivative financial asset or a non-derivative financial liability measured at fair value through profit or loss as a hedging instrument, it may only designate the non-derivative financial instrument in its entirety or a proportion of it.
- An entity's estimate of expected credit losses on loan commitments shall be consistent with its expectations of drawdowns on that loan commitment, ie it shall consider the expected portion of the loan commitment that will be drawn down within 12 months of the reporting date when estimating 12-month expected credit losses, and the expected portion of the loan commitment that will be drawn down over the expected life of the loan commitment when estimating lifetime expected credit losses.
- In accordance with paragraph 4.1.3(a), principal is the fair value of the financial asset at initial recognition. However that principal amount may change over the life of the financial asset (for example, if there are repayments of principal).

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adjustment process involves reviewing the company's financial statements and identifying any differences between the company's current accounting practices and the requirements of the IFRS. If there are any such differences, neural network makes adjustments to financial statements to bring them into compliance with the IFRS.

## Conclusions

Ballard Power Systems Inc. is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating. Ballard Power Systems Inc. prediction model is evaluated with Statistical Inference (ML) and Multiple Regression^{1,2,3,4} and it is concluded that the BLDP:TSX stock is predictable in the short/long term. ** According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period, the dominant strategy among neural network is: SellBuy**

### BLDP:TSX Ballard Power Systems Inc. Financial Analysis*

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba1 | Ba1 |

Income Statement | C | Ba2 |

Balance Sheet | Caa2 | Baa2 |

Leverage Ratios | B1 | B2 |

Cash Flow | B3 | Ba3 |

Rates of Return and Profitability | B2 | Baa2 |

*Financial analysis is the process of evaluating a company's financial performance and position by neural network. It involves reviewing the company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, as well as other financial reports and documents.

How does neural network examine financial reports and understand financial state of the company?

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

- N. B ̈auerle and A. Mundt. Dynamic mean-risk optimization in a binomial model. Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, 70(2):219–239, 2009.
- Clements, M. P. D. F. Hendry (1996), "Intercept corrections and structural change," Journal of Applied Econometrics, 11, 475–494.
- Harris ZS. 1954. Distributional structure. Word 10:146–62
- C. Claus and C. Boutilier. The dynamics of reinforcement learning in cooperative multiagent systems. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Tenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, AAAI 98, IAAI 98, July 26-30, 1998, Madison, Wisconsin, USA., pages 746–752, 1998.
- Gentzkow M, Kelly BT, Taddy M. 2017. Text as data. NBER Work. Pap. 23276
- M. Petrik and D. Subramanian. An approximate solution method for large risk-averse Markov decision processes. In Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, 2012.
- Candès EJ, Recht B. 2009. Exact matrix completion via convex optimization. Found. Comput. Math. 9:717

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for BLDP:TSX stock?A: BLDP:TSX stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Statistical Inference (ML) and Multiple Regression

Q: Is BLDP:TSX stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to SellBuy BLDP:TSX Stock.

Q: Is Ballard Power Systems Inc. stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for Ballard Power Systems Inc. is SellBuy and is assigned short-term Ba1 & long-term Ba1 estimated rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of BLDP:TSX stock?

A: The consensus rating for BLDP:TSX is SellBuy.

Q: What is the prediction period for BLDP:TSX stock?

A: The prediction period for BLDP:TSX is (n+8 weeks)