## Summary

This paper proposes genetic algorithms (GAs) approach to feature discretization and the determination of connection weights for artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict the stock price index. Previous research proposed many hybrid models of ANN and GA for the method of training the network, feature subset selection, and topology optimization.** We evaluate INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC prediction models with Modular Neural Network (Speculative Sentiment Analysis) and Factor ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:IPF stock is predictable in the short/long term. **

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:IPF stock.**

## Key Points

- What is a prediction confidence?
- What are the most successful trading algorithms?
- Is now good time to invest?

## LON:IPF Target Price Prediction Modeling Methodology

We consider INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC Decision Process with Modular Neural Network (Speculative Sentiment Analysis) where A is the set of discrete actions of LON:IPF stock holders, F is the set of discrete states, P : S × F × S → R is the transition probability distribution, R : S × F → R is the reaction function, and γ ∈ [0, 1] is a move factor for expectation.^{1,2,3,4}

F(Factor)

^{5,6,7}= $\begin{array}{cccc}{p}_{\mathrm{a}1}& {p}_{\mathrm{a}2}& \dots & {p}_{1n}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{j1}& {p}_{j2}& \dots & {p}_{jn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{k1}& {p}_{k2}& \dots & {p}_{kn}\\ & \vdots \\ {p}_{n1}& {p}_{n2}& \dots & {p}_{nn}\end{array}$ X R(Modular Neural Network (Speculative Sentiment Analysis)) X S(n):→ (n+8 weeks) $\sum _{i=1}^{n}\left({a}_{i}\right)$

n:Time series to forecast

p:Price signals of LON:IPF stock

j:Nash equilibria (Neural Network)

k:Dominated move

a:Best response for target price

How do AC Investment Research machine learning (predictive) algorithms actually work?

## LON:IPF Stock Forecast (Buy or Sell) for (n+8 weeks)

**Sample Set:**Neural Network

**Stock/Index:**LON:IPF INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC

**Time series to forecast n: 03 Dec 2022**for (n+8 weeks)

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:IPF stock.**

**X axis: *Likelihood%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the event will occur.)

**Y axis: *Potential Impact%** (The higher the percentage value, the more likely the price will deviate.)

**Z axis (Yellow to Green): *Technical Analysis%**

## Adjusted IFRS* Prediction Methods for INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC

- When rebalancing a hedging relationship, an entity shall update its analysis of the sources of hedge ineffectiveness that are expected to affect the hedging relationship during its (remaining) term (see paragraph B6.4.2). The documentation of the hedging relationship shall be updated accordingly.
- At the date of initial application, an entity shall assess whether a financial asset meets the condition in paragraphs 4.1.2(a) or 4.1.2A(a) on the basis of the facts and circumstances that exist at that date. The resulting classification shall be applied retrospectively irrespective of the entity's business model in prior reporting periods.
- The accounting for the forward element of forward contracts in accordance with paragraph 6.5.16 applies only to the extent that the forward element relates to the hedged item (aligned forward element). The forward element of a forward contract relates to the hedged item if the critical terms of the forward contract (such as the nominal amount, life and underlying) are aligned with the hedged item. Hence, if the critical terms of the forward contract and the hedged item are not fully aligned, an entity shall determine the aligned forward element, ie how much of the forward element included in the forward contract (actual forward element) relates to the hedged item (and therefore should be treated in accordance with paragraph 6.5.16). An entity determines the aligned forward element using the valuation of the forward contract that would have critical terms that perfectly match the hedged item.
- All investments in equity instruments and contracts on those instruments must be measured at fair value. However, in limited circumstances, cost may be an appropriate estimate of fair value. That may be the case if insufficient more recent information is available to measure fair value, or if there is a wide range of possible fair value measurements and cost represents the best estimate of fair value within that range.

*International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of accounting rules for the financial statements of public companies that are intended to make them consistent, transparent, and easily comparable around the world.

## Conclusions

INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term Ba3 forecasted stock rating.** We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Speculative Sentiment Analysis) with Factor ^{1,2,3,4} and conclude that the LON:IPF stock is predictable in the short/long term.**

**According to price forecasts for (n+8 weeks) period: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:IPF stock.**

### Financial State Forecast for LON:IPF INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC Options & Futures

Rating | Short-Term | Long-Term Senior |
---|---|---|

Outlook* | Ba3 | Ba3 |

Operational Risk | 68 | 57 |

Market Risk | 83 | 77 |

Technical Analysis | 40 | 85 |

Fundamental Analysis | 85 | 78 |

Risk Unsystematic | 55 | 33 |

### Prediction Confidence Score

## References

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## Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the prediction methodology for LON:IPF stock?A: LON:IPF stock prediction methodology: We evaluate the prediction models Modular Neural Network (Speculative Sentiment Analysis) and Factor

Q: Is LON:IPF stock a buy or sell?

A: The dominant strategy among neural network is to Hold LON:IPF Stock.

Q: Is INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC stock a good investment?

A: The consensus rating for INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL FINANCE PLC is Hold and assigned short-term Ba3 & long-term Ba3 forecasted stock rating.

Q: What is the consensus rating of LON:IPF stock?

A: The consensus rating for LON:IPF is Hold.

Q: What is the prediction period for LON:IPF stock?

A: The prediction period for LON:IPF is (n+8 weeks)